اثربخشی تعدیل سوگیری شناختی تفسیری از طریق تقویت تصویرسازی مثبت بر خود مراقبتی، کیفیت زندگی، سوگیری تفسیری، و خلق افسرده در بیماران مبتلابه دیابت نوع 2

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی بالینی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، ایران

10.22075/jcp.2019.16894.1601

چکیده

مقدمه: این پژوهش به منظور بررسی اثربخشی تعدیل سوگیری شناختی تفسیری(CBM-I) ازطریق تصویرسازی مثبت بر فعالیت های خودمراقبتی، کیفیت زندگی، سوگیری تفسیری و خلق افسرده در بیماران دیابت نوع 2 اصفهان انجام شد.
روش: در پژوهش حاضر که به روش نیمه تجربی بود، 30 فرد دیابتی به صورت نمونه­ گیری در دسترس، از 7 مرکز بهداشت در اصفهان، به­صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل، وارد شدند. ابزار سنجش استفاده شده شامل مقیاس­های خودمراقبتی توبرت و همکاران، کیفیت زندگی بوروفس و همکاران، افسردگی بک و جملات درهم ریخته ونزلف بود. افراد گروه آزمایش تحت 7 جلسه درمانی تعدیل سوگیری شناختی تفسیری از طریق تصویر‌سازی مثبت قرار گرفتند و هر دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل در سه مرحله‌ی پیش­آزمون، پس­آزمون و پیگیری ارزیابی شدند. نتایج جمع­ آوری شده با استفاده از شیوه کوواریانس داده های مکرر تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد تعدیل سوگیری شناختی تفسیری از طریق تصویرسازی مثبت بطور معنادار موجب بهبود میانگین خودمراقبتی، کیفیت زندگی، سوگیری تفسیری و خلق در بیماران دیابت گروه آزمایش نسبت به کنترل شده است.
نتیجه­ گیری: این پژوهش نشان داد به کارگیری تعدیل سوگیری شناختی تفسیری از طریق تصویرسازی مثبت در بهبود فعالیت‌های خود مراقبتی، کیفیت زندگی و سوگیری تفسیری و خلق نقش شایانی دارد. این یافته ها این روش را مداخله موثری برای بهبود شاخص‌های روانشناختی بیماران مبتلا به دیابت نوع 2 معرفی می‌کند.


 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Efficacy of Cognitive Bias Modification for Interpretation via Promoting Positive Imagery on Self - care Activities, Quality of Life, Interpretation Bias and Depressed Mood in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • MuhammadAli Davari DolatAbadi 1
  • Hajar Torkan 2
1 M.Sc in Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch , Islamic Azad University, Isfahan , Iran
2 Associate Professor in Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch , Islamic Azad University, Isfahan , Iran
چکیده [English]

Abstract
Introduction: This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) via promoting positive imagery on self-care activities, quality of life, interpretation bias and depressed mood in patients with type II diabetes.

Method: In a semi-experimental study, 30 diabetic patients from 7 health center in Isfahan were selected through available sampling method, and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The study instruments were  Tubert Self-care,  Burroughs Quality of Life,  Vanzlf Scrambled Sentences  and Beck Depression Scales. Experimental group received 7 sessions of cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I) via promoting positive imagery and all subjects were evaluated 3 occations at pretest, posttest and follow- up stages. The gathered data was analyzed by a repeated-measure MANCOVA analysis.

Results: The results showed that CBM-I via promoting positive imagery significantly was improved means for self-care activities,as well as, quality of life, cognitive bias and mood in diabetic patients in experimental group compared to the control group.

Conclusion: This study showed that cognitive bias modification for interpretation via positive imagery plays a pivotal role in improving self-care activities, quality of life, interpretation bias and mood. These findings suggest this method  is suitable intervention for improvement of psychological variables among patients with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords: cognitive bias modification for interpretation, positive imagery, self-care, quality of life, interpretation bias, depressed mood, diabetes.
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive Bias Modification of Interpretation
  • Self-Care
  • Quality of life
  • Interpretation Bias And Depressed Mood
  • Diabetes

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