ویژگی های روان سنجی نسخه فارسی سیاهه ارزیابی شخصیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی تربیتی و تحولی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی کودک و نوجوان دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی ویژگی­های روان‌سنجی سیاهه ارزیابی شخصیت در دانشجویان کشور بود.
روش: در این پژوهش توصیفی از جامعه پژوهش شامل کلیه دانشجویان شهر تبریز در سال 96-1395 گروه نمونه­ای به تعداد 462 دانشجو به‌صورت خوشه­ای چندمرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. به‌منظور تعیین اعتبار و پایایی گویه­ها از روش تحلیل گویه، بررسی اعتبار سازه از روش تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و نیز تعیین همسانی درونی از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی انجام­شده به روش مؤلفه­های اصلی و چرخش واریماکس منجر به استخراج شش مؤلفه­ی تمایلات ضداجتماعی­گونه، افسردگی و اضطراب، بی­ثباتی خلقی و هیجانی، نشانگان روان­پریشی، نشانگان جسمانی­سازی و اختلالات مرتبط با فشار روانی شد و ضرایب پایایی این مؤلفه­ها بین 92/0 تا 98/0 به­دست آمد. بررسی ضرایب همبستگی بین گویه­ها با خرده‌مقیاس‌ها نیز نشان داد که این ضرایب بین 34/0 تا 92/0 است.
نتیجه‌گیری: درمجموع می­توان نتیجه گرفت که نسخه فارسی سیاهه ارزیابی شخصیت از ویژگی­های روان‌سنجی مطلوبی برخوردار است و می­توان از آن به عنوان ابزار ارزیابی مشکلات روان­شناختی استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI)

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Akbari-Zardkhaneh, 1
  • S.H. Tabatabaee, 2
1 Shahid Beheshti University
2 Tabriz University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate psychometric properties of a persian Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) in the Iranian colledge student's population.
Method: In this descriptive research among all students of Tabriz universities in 2017 a sample group including 462 college students was selected by a multi-stage cluster sampling method. The validity and reliability of the inventory items, validity of the structure, and internal consistency estimated by item analysis, exploratory factor analysis, and  Cronbach's alpha coefficient methods.
Results: The exploratory factor analysis performed by the main components and varimax rotation showed that 6 components including antisocial tendency, depression and anxiety, mood and emotional instability, psychosis syndrome, psycho-somatic syndrome and stress related problem, have the most simple structure and the coefficients of validity of these components estimated between 0.92 and 0.98. The correlation coefficients between the subscales also showed that these coefficients were between 0.34 and 0.92.
Conclusion: Based on this finding, preliminary Persian version of PAI has adequate psychometric properties and it can be used as a valid psychological assessment tool.






کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Personality Assessment Inventory
  • factor analysis
  • Construct validity
  • college student

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