اثربخشی آموزش مهارت های زناشویی مبتنی بر مدل گاتمن بر پرخاشگری ارتباطی پنهان زنان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مشاوره، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

10.22075/jcp.2020.17365.1640

چکیده

مقدمه: پرخاشگری ارتباطی از عوامل تأثیرگذار بر روابط زوج ها می­باشد، لذا پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مهارت­ های زناشویی مبتنی بر مدل گاتمن بر پرخاشگری ارتباطی پنهانِ زنان انجام شده است.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه آزمایشی و به شیوه پیش آزمون ­– پس­ آزمون با گروه گواه می‌باشد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش، شامل مادران دانش­ آموزان دختر دبستانی مدرسه بهشت شهرستان شهریار در سال 1397 نمونه‌ای شامل 30 زن واجد شرایط به شیوه داوطلبانه انتخاب و بصورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و گواه گمارده شدند. گروه آزمایش مداخله درمانی را دریافت کردند و گروه کنترل در لیست انتظار ماند. دو گروه بوسیله مقیاس پرخاشگری ارتباطی پنهان نلسون و کارول، در مرحله پیش ­آزمون و پس­ آزمون مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از تحلیل کوواریانس استفاده گردید.
یافته­ ها: تحلیل داده­ها نشان داد که بین زنان دو گروه از لحاظ میزان پرخاشگری ارتباطی پنهان تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد و آموزش مهارت­ ها باعث کاهش پرخاشگری ارتباطی پنهان در زنان گروه آزمایش شد.
نتیجه ­گیری: آموزش مهارت­های زناشویی مبتنی بر مدل گاتمن باعث کاهش پرخاشگری ارتباطی پنهان زنان می‌گردد و لذا به درمانگران قابل توصیه است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Marital Skills Training Based on the Gotman’s Model in Covert Relational Aggression of Women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asghar Karimi 1
  • Sedighe Ahmadi 2
  • Kianoosh Zahrakar 3
1 counseling, psychology, kharazmi, university
2 counseling, kharazmi
3 Counseling and guidance Department , Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Aggression is one of the factors influencing the relationship of couples, so the purpose of this paper was to investigate the effect of marriage training based on the Gotman’s Model on covert relational aggression in women.
Method: Using a randomized controlled trial design, among mothers of Behesht primary school students in Shahriar town in Tehran during 2018 year a sample including 30 women were selected on a voluntary basis and randomly divided in two experimental and control groups. The experimental group received the intervention and control group subjects remained in the waiting list. All subjects were evaluated by Nelson and Carroll’s covert relational aggression scale at the pre - test and posttest stages. Data extracted from the scale and analyzed by a ANCOVA analysis.
Results: Data analysis showed that significant difference between the women of the two groups in terms of the extent in their covert relational aggression and the trainings reduced covert relational aggression in women of the experimental group.
Conclusion: The training of marital skills based on the Gotman’s Model could reduce the covert aggression of women and is then recommended to therapists.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • marital skills
  • Gotman model
  • covert Relational aggression
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