Introduction: A significant relation found between attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity with anxiety and depression in adult samples and clinical samples. It seems that, emotional components of anxiety and depression with attention deficit disorder/hyperactivity in primary school-age children have been studied a little. The present study investigated the relationship of two mentioned disorders in primary school-age children.
Method: A group of 1009 primary school-age children (490 girls and 519 boys from schools of Shiraz) were selected for this research.
Results: Using the multivariate regression analysis model indicated that anxiety-depression significantly predict ADHD symptoms (Attention Deficit, Hyperactivity & Combined type). Results were discussed in light of previous research and showing that there is similar mechanism between affective and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity components. Attention Deficit has more contribution in this relation.
Conclusion: According to results, biological predisposition may have contribution in developing of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders and anxiety-depression.
Keywords: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Anxiety, Depression, primary school-age children