Comparison of Reconstitution of Thought Executive Function in Subtypes of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Based on Barkley,s Model



Introduction: The aim of this study is comparison of reconstitution of thought executive function in subtypes of attention- deficit/hyperactivity disorder based on Barkley,s model.
Method: In this ex post facto research, fifty, third and fourth primary grades students (25 attention deficit and 25 hyperactive students) were selected by using Child Symptom Inventory (SCI-4) and DSM-IV-TR recognition interview and administered by Bender-Gestalt test, Reaction Time Test and Vygotsky,s Content Shaping Test. Data were analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Results: The results showed that the students with attention-deficit disorder had better performance in behavioral inhibition but there was not significant difference between two groups in reconstitution of thought.
Conclusion: Generally, the findings of this study confirmed Barkley,s model about deficit of hyperactive children in behavioral inhibition, and rejected it about deficit of reconstitution of thought.