Introduction: According to literature regarding relationship between religious orientations with psychological well-being, it is supposed that the distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic orientations toward religion may prove useful in understanding the relationship between religiosity and death obsession. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between religious orientations with death obsession according to sex role.
Method: The current study was conducted in correlative context. Subjects (n=468) were selected through random stratified sampling and the Death Obsession and Religious Orientation Scales were administered. Data was analyzed using synchronic multivariate regression method.
Results: Results showed that the relationship between death obsessions with extrinsic orientation toward religion is positive in both sexes whereas death obsession has a negative relation with intrinsic orientation toward religion. Results of regression analysis also indicated that the extrinsic religious orientations in women predict death obsession with greater power.
Conclusion: Because there is negative relationship between intrinsic religious orientations with death obsession, it can be concluded that religious immaturity causes pathological attitudes toward death. The role of gender differences is significant.