Effectiveness of Cognitive Processing Therapy and Holographic Reprocessing on the Reduction of Psychological Symptoms in Students Exposed to Trauma



Introduction: This study was conducted in order to examine effectiveness of cognitive processing and holographic reprocessing on the reduction of psychological symptoms in students exposed to trauma.
Method: The design of this study was Quasi-Experimental. Statistical society of this research was comprised of boy students that study in Uremia high schools at first, second and third grades at 89-90 educational year (N=10286). Having utilized traumatic events screening inventory and SCL-90 R on 1000 people, 129 people were recognized as persons with trauma experience and score higher than 90 at SCL-90 R. Sixty people of them were selected randomly. Having conducting clinical interview, they were assigned randomly to three groups of cognitive processing holographic reprocessing and placebo. These groups were responded to SCL-90 R at pretest and posttest. Collected data were analyzed by ANCOVA test.
Results: The results showed that there were significant difference between three groups in the subscales of obsession-compulsive, depression, anxiety, phobia, paranoid's thoughts and psychos. Both two therapeutic groups were different from placebo group in total score of SCL-90 R, but significant difference was not founded between two therapeutic groups in this variable.
Conclusion: The results of this research demonstrated that cognitive processing and holographic reprocessing were equally effective on the reduction of psychological symptoms. But cognitive processing was more effective on depression related to trauma, and holographic reprocessing therapy was more effective on phobia, obsession-compulsion and psychos related to trauma