The Effectiveness of Coping Power Program on Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Attention Problems and Communication Skills

Document Type : Original Article


1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات قزوین، قزوین، ایران


Introduction: Oppositional defiant disorder is a common and debilitating disorder in children which is associated with high rates in attention and communication problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluate effectiveness of coping power program on oppositional defiant disorder, attention problems and communication skills.
Method: In the present study, quasi-experimental method with pre-test and post-test and control group was used. The sample includes 34 children with oppositional defiant disorder, attention problems and communication skills (18 children in experimental group and 14 children in control group) that were selected by purposive sampling. Tools included Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Children’s Self- efficacy for Peer Interaction scale (CSPI).
Coping power program with patents and children in experimental group was held in 16 sessions of 90 minutes from the beginning of 2014-2015 academic years to end of academic year. Control group addition to receive the usual counseling was on the waiting list for intervention. In addition the control group received a usual counseling visit.
Results: Based on the results, coping power program had significant effect on  oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and attention problems in experimental children group, whereas no significant effect found for communication skills with peers.
Conclusion: Results indicated coping power program as an effective treatment for oppositional defiant disorder and attention problems. However, more research is needed and changes in the content of effectiveness in the field of communication skills seems necessary.


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