Lower order factor analysis of personality factors based on Persian lexical study

Document Type : Original Article



Introduction:In spite of one century research on lexical study of personality, have beenonly few systematic basic lexical study of personality in Iranian culture. Current study aimed to develop a hierarchical personality model based on Persian lexical study.
Method:763 students through Tehran universities were randomly recruited and responded to 147 personality descriptors that had already developed by current researchers based on personality lexical studies guidelines through Persian dictionaries.
Results: Lower order factor analysis using principle component analysis-direct Oblimin rotation conducted on Iranian personality dimensions that already discovered by last research(Neuroticism, Agreeableness,Conscientiousness, Extraversion combined with Openness to Experience, and Sobriety). Parallel analysis was used to determine the number of factors. Results of current research implied that in spite of big similarities between sub-components of extracted factors of this research and best-known personality models, there are distinct difference between these models.
Conclusion: Comparing current hierarchical models of Iranian personality lexical study with theoretical models give many useful implications in developing comprehensive model of personality in Iranian culture.


Main Subjects

1- John OP, Hampson SE, Goldberg LR. The basic level in personality-trait hierarchies: studies of trait use and accessibility in different contexts. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1991; 60(3): 348.
2- McAdams DP. What do we know when we know a person? Journal of personality. 1995; 63(3): 365-96.
3- Goldberg LR. A historical survey of personality scales and inventories: Oregon Research Institute. 1971.
4- Goldberg LR. The development of markers for the Big-Five factor structure. Psychological assessment. 1992; 4(1): 26.
5- Digman JM, Takemoto-Chock NK. Factors in the natural language of personality: Re-analysis, comparison, and interpretation of six major studies. Multivariate behavioral research. 1981; 16(2): 149-70.
6- De Raad B. The Big Five Personality Factors: The psycholexical approach to personality: Hogrefe & Huber Publishers. 2000.
7- McCrae RR, Costa PT. Validation of the five-factor model of personality across instruments and observers. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1987; 52(1): 81.
8- Ashton MC, Lee K. Empirical, theoretical, and practical advantages of the HEXACO model of personality structure. Personality and social psychology review. 2007; 11(2): 150-66.
9- Grant M, Ashton C. A hierarchical analysis of 1,710 English personality-descriptive adjectives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2004; 87(5): 707-21.
10- Ashton MC, Lee K, de Vries RE, Perugini M, Gnisci A, Sergi I. The HEXACO model of personality structure and indigenous lexical personality dimensions in Italian, Dutch, and English. Journal of Research in Personality. 2006; 40(6): 851-75.
11- Ashton M, Lee K, de Vries R, Szarota P, Marcus B, Wasti S, et al., editors. Lexical studies of personality structure: An examination of six-factor solutions. 13th European Conference on Personality, Athens, Greece. 2006.
12- Ashton MC, Lee K, Perugini M, Szarota P, De Vries RE, Di Blas L, et al. A six-factor structure of personality-descriptive adjectives: solutions from psycholexical studies in seven languages. Journal of personality and social psychology. 2004; 86(2): 356.
13- Costa Jr PT, McCrae RR. Domains and facets: Hierarchical personality assessment using the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. Journal of personality assessment. 1995; 64(1): 21-50.
14- De Raad B, Perugini M. Big five factor assessment: Introduction. Big five assessment. 2002; 1-26.
15- Saucier G, Ostendorf F. Hierarchical subcomponents of the Big Five personality factors: A cross-language replication. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1999; 76(4): 613.
16- herfedost M, Falsafinezhad, M., Delavar, A., Sohrabi, F., Tamimdari, A. Determining the fundamental components of personality based on the study of lexical dictionary of Persian language and literature. Journal of Educational Measurement. 2015; 6(21): 25-40.
17- Costa PT, McCrae RR. The revised neo personality inventory (neo-pi-r). The SAGE handbook of personality theory and assessment. 2008; 2: 179-98.
18- Church AT, Burke PJ. Exploratory and confirmatory tests of the big five and Tellegen's three-and four-dimensional models. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1994; 66(1): 93.
19- Eysenck HJ, Eysenck SBG. Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (junior and adult): Hodder and Stoughton. 1975.
20- Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM, Przybeck TR. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Archives of general psychiatry. 1993; 50(12): 975-90.
21- Karami J YK, Karimi P. Mediating Role of Attachment Styles in Relationship between Temperament and Character Dimensions and Alexithymia. Journal of clinical psychology. 2016; 29(1): 61-70.
22- Watson D, Clark LA, Harkness AR. Structures of personality and their relevance to psychopathology. Journal of abnormal psychology. 1994; 103(1): 18.
23- Zuckerman M, Kuhlman DM, Joireman J, Teta P, Kraft M. A comparison of three structural models for personality: The Big Three, the Big Five, and the Alternative Five. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1993; 65(4): 757.
24- Angleitner A, Ostendorf F, John OP. Towards a taxonomy of personality descriptors in German: a psycho‚Äźlexical study. European Journal of Personality. 1990; 4(2): 89-118.
25- Khosravani V G-RF, Yosefi R. The Study of Psychometric Properties of the Iowa Personality Questionnaire. Journal of clinical psychology. 2013; 20(4): 85-97.