روابط ساختاری سازمان یافتگی شخصیت، مکانیزهای دفاعی و روابط موضوعی با الگوی مرضی خوردن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم، قم، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی سلامت دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم، قم، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم، قم، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین مدل الگوهای مرضی خوردن بر اساس روابط موضوعی اولیه، سازمان یافتگی شخصیت و مکانیزم­های دفاعی انجام شد.
روش: این پژوهش از نوع توصیفی بود که به روش همبستگی انجام شد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان دوره کارشناسی و ‏کارشناسی ارشد دانشگاه پیام­نور و آزاد اسلامی شهر قم در نیمسال دوم سال تحصیلی 96-1395­بود، که 888 نفر از آنها با ‏استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای چندمرحله­ای انتخاب شدند. شرکت کنندگان پرسشنامه­های روابط موضوعی، ‏سازمان­یافتگی شخصیت کرنبرگ، فرم ایرانی سبک­های دفاعی و پرسشنامه نگرش‌های ‏خوردن را تکمیل نمودند. مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری­ با استفاده از داده­های بدست آمده از پرسشنامه­ها انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که روابط ­موضوعی به طور مستقیم  81/16 درصد و به واسطه مکانیزم­های دفاعی 6 درصد از الگوهای ‏مرضی خوردن را تبیین می­کند.­ بعلاوه، سازمان یافتگی شخصیت به طور مستقیم 01/24 درصد و به واسطه مکانیزم­های ‏دفاعی 02/1 درصد از الگوهای مرضی­خوردن را تبیین نمود. در­ مجموع، برآورد مدل ساختاری که در آن روابط موضوعی ‏و سازمان شخصیت به عنوان متغیر پیش بین و سازوکارهای دفاعی به عنوان متغیر میانجی وارد مدل شدند، نشان داد که این مدل ‏‏07/41 درصد از الگو های مرضی خوردن را تبیین می­کند. ‏
نتیجه‌گیری: بنابراین می­توان چنین نتیجه­گیری نمود که الگوهای مرضی خوردن هم به صورت مستقیم و هم به صورت غیرمستقیم و از طریق سازوکار­های ­دفاعی از طریق روابط موضوعی اولیه و سازمان­یافتگی شخصیت به صورت مثبت تبیین می­گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structural Relationships of the Personality Organization, Object Relations and Defense Mechanisms with Pathological Eating Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Monajem, 1
  • N Monirpour, 2
  • H Mirzahosseini, 3
1 Department of Psychology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch.
2 islamic azad university Qom
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Science and Research branch, Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The present study aims to Explaining model of pathological eating patterns on the basis of Primary Object Relation, personality organization and defense mechanisms.
Method: The research method was descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of the study consisted of all undergraduate students of Payame Noor University and Islamic Azad University in Qom in the second half of the school year they were in 2017-18. For this purpose, 888 of these students were selected using multi-stage cluster random sampling. In order to collect data, the Subject Relations Questionnaire (1995), The Kernberg‎ Personality Inventory Questionnaire (IPO), the Iranian Form of Defense Styles (Andrews et al., 1989) and Garner et al. (1982) Eating Attitudes Questionnaire (1982) were used to analyze the data. A confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis was used.
Results: The results showed directly that 16.81% of the dispersion of the scores of pathological eating patterns was explained ‎through the Primary object relation and 6 % through the defense mechanisms. Also, in this model, 24.01% of dispersion of personality ‎organization were explained through the defense mechanisms. In addition, the results of this study, estimating the structural model in which object relations and personality organization as a variable of defense and defense mechanisms were introduced into the middle eagle, showed that this model explains 41.07% of pathological eating patterns.
Conclusion: The pathological eating patterns both directly and indirectly could be interpreted by defense mechanisms via primary object relations and personality organization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • pathological eating patterns
  • primary object relation
  • personality organization
  • defense mechanisms

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