Explanation of Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms based on Attachment Styles and Alienation by Mediating Role of Depression

Document Type : Original Article


1 Islamic Azad University of Qom

2 Qom branch, islamic azad university,qom.iran


Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most common psychological disorders that have a relatively high prevalence in adolescents and young adults. OCD affects people’s social, educational and occupational functions in different ways. In this study, we aimed to explain obsessive-compulsive symptoms based on attachment and alienation styles with the mediating role of depression.
Method: The research method is descriptive-correlational. The statistical population include all students of the Islamic Azad University of Qom Branch in the academic year 1397-98. The sample consisted of 344 subjects of the statistical population. The Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Collins and Reed Attachment Styles Questionnaire, Bell's Subject Relationship Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used as measurements of different aspects of our study. The descriptive-correlational is done by structural equation analysis. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 and Lisrel version 10.20 software.
Results: The direct and indirect effects of alienation, safe style, ambivalent style and depression on the symptoms of obsession were confirmed. Positive for alienation, negative for safe style, ambivalent for positive, and positive for depression. Also, the obtained fit indices showed an acceptable fit of the data with the model.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that, an appropriate early attachment experiences can prevent obsessive-compulsive disorder in adulthood. Further, the likelihood of obsession disease in persons with alignation  is high and depression is partly explain the mechanism involved in escalation of  obsession.


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