The Effectiveness of Sociodrama Intervention to Reduce the Social Skills in Children with Social Anxiety Disorder

Document Type : Original Article


1 PhD student in Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Assistant Professor. Departeman of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor, Department Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran


Introduction: Social anxiety may limit a person's use of opportunities to learn appropriate social skills. The aim of this study was to explain the effectiveness of sociodrama intervention to improving social skills in children with social anxiety disorder.
Method: research method in this study was a single-subject of AB experimental designs. The study population consisted of all children with social anxiety disorder aged 6 to 7 years that attended psychological centers in Tehran in the academic year 1399-1400. Among them, 5 children with social anxiety disorder (two boys and three girls) were selected based on entry and exit criteria and by purposive sampling. Sociodrama intervention was performed for each child in 10 sessions. The research instrument was Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngester and Social Behavior Checklist. Data were analyzed using visual analysis at both within subject and intersubject levels.
Results: The results showed that sociodrama intervention increases social skills in children with social anxiety disorder in Matson Evaluation of Social Skills with Youngester; and the recovery rate in each of the single behaviors of anxiety and avoidance in problem solving, anxiety and avoidance in self-control, anxiety and avoidance in responsibility, anxiety and avoidance in communicate, anxiety and avoidance in finding friend, anxiety and avoidance in participation and cooperation and anxiety and avoidance in assertiveness respectively was 67.01, 83.30, 82.80, 82.65, 77.37, 86.88 and 82.78 percentage. The total recovery rate among five subjects also 82.42 percent was estimated.
Conclusion: Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the sociodrama intervention can increase the social skills in children with social anxiety disorder. Therefore, family and educational institutions, psychological and counseling services centers can benefit from sociodrama intervention to improving social skills children with social anxiety disorder.


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