مقایسه علاقه اجتماعی، خودشیفتگی و رضایت زناشویی در زوجین ایرانی و افغانستانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسۀ دو گروه از زوجین ایرانی و افغانستانی در متغیرهای علاقۀ اجتماعی و خودشیفتگی، و نیز تعیین رابطۀ این دو متغیر با رضامندی زناشویی و نقش تعدیل‌کنندگی ملیت بود.
روش: این تحقیق با یک طرح علی مقایسه ای بر روی جامعه آماری شامل کلیۀ زوجین دانشجوی متأهل 22 تا 45 سالۀ ایرانی و افغانستانی ساکن در ایران و افغانستان که تحصیلات لیسانس و فوق‌لیسانس داشتند انجام شد.  از میان این افراد 101 زوج دانشجوی متأهل ایرانی و 101 زوج دانشجوی متأهل افغانستانی به ‌صورت در دسترس با مراجعه به 5 مرکز دانشگاهی در ایران و 4 مرکز دانشگاهی در افغانستان انتخاب و پرسشنامه‌های پژوهش را تکمیل کردند. همچنین دانشجویانی که در طی یکسال گذشته به روان‌شناس یا روانپزشک مراجعه کرده بودند از فهرست نهایی نمونه خارج شدند.
یافته­ ها: میانگین نمرات زوجین افغانستاتی بطور معنادار در خودشیفتگی کمتر از زوجین ایرانی بود (93/8 در برابر 01/12)، در حالیکه برای علاقۀ اجتماعی یک میانگین بالاتر غیرمعنادار زوجین افغان (71/138 در برابر 5/123) مشاهده شد. رضامندی زناشویی بطور معنادار با علاقه اجتماعی و خودشیفتگی زوجین افغان(42/0 و 24/0-)  و ایران(38/0 و 25/0-) ارتباط داشت.
نتیجه­ گیری: نتایج پژوهش حاضر بیانگر خودشیفتگی کمتر زوجین افغان نسبت به زوجین ایرانی  و همبستگی رضایت زناشویی زوجین ایرانی و افغانی با علاقه اجتماعی و خودشیفتگی است. در نظر گرفتن این تفاوت در درک مسایل روانشناختی آنان ضروری  به نظر می­رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship of Social Interest, Narcissism, and Marital Satisfaction: A Cross-Cultural Study in Iranian and Afghan Couples

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Rahimi, 1
  • Parviz Azadfallah 2
1 student
2 Tarbiyat Moddaress
چکیده [English]

Introduction:The porpuse of this study was to compare two groups of Iranian and Afghan couples in social interest and narcissism, as well as, determining the relationship of these variables with marital satisfaction considering moderating role of nationality.
Method:This research was conducted by an expose-facto  design on a population including all 22 to 45 year-old Iranian and Afghan married couples living in Iran and Afghanistan with bachelore and master's digree. Among these population a final sample of 101 Iranian couples and 101  Afghan couples were selected by referring to 5 university centers in the Iran and 4 university centers in the Afghanistan and were asked to complete the research questionnaires. Students with a history of psychiatry or psychology interventions over the last year were excluded from the final list.
Results:The narcissism average scores of Afghan couples was significantly less than Iranian couples (8.93 v.s 12.01), while in social interest variable only a nonsignificant higher average score was observed(138.71 v.s 123.53). Marital satisfaction was significantly correlated to soscial-interest and narcissism in Afghan (0.42 , -0.24) and Iranian(0.38, -0.24) couples.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated the lower  narcissism levels of Afghan couples rather than Iranian couples.
Marital satisfaction was strongly associated to social interest and narcissism in both Iranian and Afghan coupls. Considering this difference and association in understanding of their psychological problems seems necessary.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • nationality
  • culture
  • social interest
  • narcissism
  • marital satisfaction

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