مقایسه اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر فن‌آوری واقعیت مجازی و ذهن آگاهی- پذیرش بر خودکارآمدی اجتماعی و نشانه های اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شاهرود، سمنان، ایران

2 گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شاهرود، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه اثربخشی درمان مبتنی بر فن‌آوری واقعیت مجازی و ذهن­آگاهی- پذیرش بر خودکارآمدی اجتماعی و نشانه‌های اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی بود .
روش: در این پژوهش که با روش نیمه­آزمایشی دو گروهی با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون انجام شد، تعداد 30 نفر از مراجعین یکی از کلینیک­های مشاوره تهران به صورت در دسترس و بر مبنای مصاحبه اولیه تشخیصی و نقطه برش مقیاس اضطراب اجتماعی، مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی تشخیص داده شدند، انتخاب و با روش انتساب تصادفی در دو گروه 15 نفره گمارش شدند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل مقیاس خودکارآمدی برای موقعیت‌های اجتماعی گودییانو و هربرت و پرسشنامه اضطراب اجتماعی کانور و همکاران بود. نتایج با استفاده از روش­ تحلیل کوواریانس و نرم­افزار SPSS تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که بین گروه درمان مبتنی بر واقعیت مجازی و گروه درمان ذهن­آگاهی- پذیرش از نظر خودکارآمدی اجتماعی تفاوت معنادار وجود دارد و درمان ذهن­آگاهی-پذیرش اثربخش‌تر است. دیگر نتایج نشان داد که دو گروه درمان واقعیت مجازی و ذهن­آگاهی-پذیرش تفاوت معناداری در اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی ندارند.
نتیجه‌گیری: درمان مبتنی بر واقعیت مجازی و ذهن­آگاهی-پذیرش بر خودکارآمدی اجتماعی و اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی اثربخش هستند و می‌توان از آنها برای درمان اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی استفاده کرد، اما برای افزایش خودکارآمدی اجتماعی درمان ذهن­آگاهی- پذیرش مناسب‌تر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Effectiveness of Virtual Reality Therapy and Mindfulness-acceptance Therapy on Social Self-efficacy and Social Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

نویسندگان [English]

  • F Farnoush, 1
  • Mojtaba Khodadadi 2
  • Sh Nouhi, 3
1 Department of psychology, Azad islamic university, shahrood, semnan , iran
2 Department of psychology, Imam Hossein University, Tehran. Iran
3 Department of Psychology, Azad Islamic University, shahrood, Semnan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of the virtual reality exposure therapy and the mindfulness-acceptance therapy on social self-efficacy and social anxiety symptoms among social anxiety patients.
Method: The research method was semi-experimental with pretest-posttest design and statistical population included reffered social anxiety patients to a counseling center in Tehran.The sample consisted of 30 social anxiety patients of a counseling center in Tehran during the summer and Fall 2018 with social anxiety disorder diagnosis based on clinical interview and social phobia inventory (SPIN) cut point which selected through available sampling and then randomly divided to two experimental groups (n=15). Instruments included Gaudiano and Herbert self-efficacy for social situations scale (SESS) and Connor et al. social phobia inventory (SPIN) and data were analyzed by SPSS software.
Results: Results showed that the effectiveness of virtual reality exposure therapy and mindfulness-acceptance therapy on social self-efficacy were significantly different and Mindfulness-acceptance therapy was more effective. In social anxiety symptoms two therapies were not different.
Conclusion: Virtual reality exposure therapy and mindfulness-acceptance therapy could be useful for social self-efficacy and social anxiety disorder symptoms, but mindfulness-acceptance therapy is more efficient for social self-efficacy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Vrtual Reality Exposure Therapy
  • Mindfulness-acceptance Therapy
  • Social Self-Efficacy
  • Social Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

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