پیش بینی نوموفوبیا بر اساس وضعیت خلقی و حساسیت اضطرابی: تحلیل نقش تعدیل کنندگی جنسیت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان

2 روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان ایران

3 روانشناسی، دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان ، ایران

10.22075/jcp.2019.18281.1707

چکیده

مقدمه: استفاده آسیب‌زا از گوشی‌های هوشمند می‌تواند تأثیرات منفی بر جنبه‌های مختلف زندگی افراد داشته باشد. یکی از این تأثیرات منفی، شیوع پدیده‌ای روانشناختی موسوم به نوموفوبیا است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین نقش وضعیت خلقی و حساسیت اضطرابی در پیش­ بینی نوموفوبیا با توجه به نقش تعدیل گر جنسیت انجام شد.
روش: روش ‌شناسی این پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. مشارکت­ کنندگان شامل دانشجویان کارشناسی دانشگاه سمنان بودند که با استفاده از نمونه‌گیری در دسترس به تعداد ۱۹۱ نفر (۹۴ دختر و 97 پسر) انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌های نوموفوبیا، فهرست عواطف مثبتی و منفی (پاناس) و شاخص حساسیت اضطرابی 3 گردآوری شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده شد
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که هم عاطفه مثبت و هم عاطفه منفی و همچنین حساسیت اضطرابی، به طور مثبت و معناداری نوموفوبیا را پیش­ بینی می‌کنند. تحلیل اثرات تعدیل­ کنندگی جنسیت نیز آشکار ساخت که صرفاً عاطفه مثبت در پسران و عاطفه منفی در دختران، توان پیش­ بینی نوموفوبیا را دارند. هر چند در این دو گروه، حساسیت اضطرابی، پیش­ بینی کننده مثبت نوموفوبیا بود، اما مقدار ضریب پیش­بینی در گروه پسران، بیشتر بود.
نتیجه­ گیری: نتیجه به دست آمده بیانگر وجود آمادگی‌های خلقی و شناختی برای آسیب­ پذیری نسبت به نوموفوبیا و الگوی متفاوت این آسیب ­پذیری در دختران و پسران دانشجو است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Nomophobia According to Mood Status and Anxiety Sensitivity: Analyzing the Moderating Role of Gender

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohamadagha Delavarpour 1
  • Mahsa Bahar 2
  • Fatemeh Ghods 3
1 Educational psychology department, faculty of Education and Psychology, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
2 psychology department, faculty of psychology and education, Semnan university Semnan, , Iran
3 psychology department, faculty of psychology and education, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The harmful smartphone use can negatively affect the various aspects of human life. The prevalence of a psychological phenomenon that known as nomophobia is one of the negative influences of it. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of mood status and anxiety sensitivity in predicting nomophobia with regard to the moderating role of gender.
Method: The research methodology was descriptive correlational. The study participants were included 191 (94 girls and 97 boys) undergraduate  Semnan University students that were selected by available sampling method. The data were collected using Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q), Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3 (ASI-3). Multiple regression analysis was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that both positive and negative affect, as well as, anxiety sensitivity, positively and significantly predicted nomophobia. Analysis of the moderating effects of gender role also revealed that only positive affect, in boys and negative affect in girls could predict nomophobia. Although anxiety sensitivity was a positive predictor of nomophobia in both groups, the predictor coefficient was higher in boys.
Conclusion: The results indicated mood and cognitive readiness for vulnerability to the nomophobia and the patterns of this vulnerability in female and male students were different.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • nomophobia
  • mood
  • positive and negative affect
  • Anxiety Sensitivity
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