مقایسه ویژگی‌های شخصیتی و کیفیت زندگی در افراد مبتلا به سندرم روده تحریک پذیر و افراد عادی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه آزاد سمنان، سمنان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

3 مدرس دانشگاه پیام نور سمنان، سمنان، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه گوارش دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: سندرم روده تحریک پذیر نوعی اختلال عملکردی در سیستم روده-معده است که با علائم ویژه گوارشی بدون علت ارگانیک تعریف شده است. پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه کیفیت زندگی و ویژگی های شخصیتی در افراد مبتلا به سندرم روده تحریک پذیر و افراد غیرمبتلا انجام شد.
روش: این مطالعه از نوع علّی- مقایسه ای بود. نمونه تحقیق شامل 60 نفر (30 نفر بیمار مبتلا به اختلال و30 نفر سالم) بود که با روش نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند و با استفاده از مقیاس پنج عاملی شخصیت نئو و مقیاس پرسشنامه کیفیت زندگی سازمان بهداشت جهانی مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفتند.
یافته­ها: تحلیل داده ها با استفاده از آزمون آماری تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری نشان داد که میزان روان رنجور خویی و  وظیفه شناسی و  وجدان­گرایی بیماران مبتلا به سندرم روده تحریک پذیر بیشتر از افراد عادی و میزان برون­گرایی ، توافق جویی و گشودگی به تجربه آنان کمتر از افراد غیر مبتلا می­باشد. میزان سلامت جسمانی، سلامت روانی، روابط اجتماعی، محیط/ وضع زندگی بیماران کمتر از افراد غیر مبتلا به دست آمد.
نتیجه گیری: بر اساس یافته های این پژوهش می توان نتیجه گرفت بین دو گروه افراد مبتلا به سندرم روده تحریک پذیر و افراد غیر مبتلا به لحاظ ویژگی های شخصیتی و کیفیت زندگی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. و بر پایه یافته های پژوهش حاضر  می توان از ویژگی های شخصیتی  و کیفیت زندگی به عنوان شاخص های مهم در تمایز و پیش بینی آسیب  پذیری ابتلا به سندرم روده تحریک پذیر استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Personality Traits and Quality of Life between Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Normal Individuals

نویسندگان [English]

  • A. Faeli, 1
  • , M.A Mohammadifar 2
  • M. Azizpour, 3
  • R. Dabiri, 4
1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه آزاد سمنان، سمنان، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران
3 مدرس دانشگاه پیام نور سمنان، سمنان، ایران
4 استادیار، گروه گوارش دانشگاه علوم پزشکی سمنان، سمنان، ایران
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Irritable bowel syndrome is a functional disorder of the gastrointestinal system which has been identified with specific gastrointestinal symptoms with no organic cause. Therefore, this study aimed to compare quality of life and personality traits in patients with irritable bowel syndrome and non-infected individuals.
Method: The research method was causal-comparative. The sample include of 60 participants (30 patients with IBS and 30 non-infected individuals). The sample was selected by convenience sampling method and responded to NEO Five-Factor Inventory and The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life.
Results: Data analysis by using statistical analysis, multivariate analysis of variance showed that neuroticism and conscientiousness and conscientiousness in patients with irritable bowel syndrome are more than normal individuals and extroversion, agreeableness and openness to experience are less than non-infected individuals. The level of physical health, mental health, social relationships, environment / conditions of life of patients was less than non-infected individuals.
Conclusion: Based on the findings of this study can be concluded that there is a significant difference between the two groups of patients with irritable bowel syndrome and non-infected individuals regard to personality traits and quality of life. Based on the findings of this study personality traits and quality of life can be used as important indicators to distinguish and predict the vulnerability of developing irritable bowel syndrome.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Personality Traits
  • Quality of life

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