مقایسه ی ویژگی های شخصیتی و نگرش به خودکشی در دو گروه اقدام کنندگان به خودکشی با روش خودسوزی و مصرف دارو

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه­ی ویژگی­های شخصیتی و نگرش به خودکشی در دو گروه اقدام کنندگان به خودکشی با روش خودسوزی و مصرف دارو انجام شد.
روش: طرح پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع علی- مقایسه­ای بود. نمونه این پژوهش شامل(40 نفر اقدام کننده به خودکشی با روش مصرف دارو و 40 نفر اقدام کننده به خودکشی با روش خودسوزی بودند که پس از خودکشی به بیمارستان انتقال داده شده و بر اساس روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. در این پژوهش از پرسشنامه­ی شخصیت نئو و پرسشنامه نگرش به خودکشی اسکین به منظور گردآوری داده­ها استفاده شد.
یافته­ها: تحلیل استنباطی داده­ها نشان داد که از لحاظ ویژگی­های شخصیتی / روان رنجور خویی، برون‌گرایی و توافق/ تفاوت معنی‌داری میان اقدام کنندگان با روش خودسوزی و مصرف دارو وجود داشت اما از نظر نگرش به خودکشی بین دو گروه تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود نداشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: با توجه به اینکه ویژگی­های شخصیتی به‌عنوان عامل خطری برای خودکشی محسوب می­شوند توجه به آن‌ها برای درک خودکشی و پیشگیری از آن ضروری به نظر می­رسد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Personality Traits and Attitude to Suicide in two Groups of individuals with Suicide Attempts by Self-Immolation and Drug Use

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Miri, 1
  • M. Shirazi, 2
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران
2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The present study aimed to compare personality traits and attitude to suicide among two groups of people attempted to commit suicide by self-immolation and by consuming drugs.
Method: The research was descriptive and causal-comparative method. The statistical population included 80 individuals (40 people attempted to commit suicide by consuming drugs and 40 people attempted to commit suicide by self-immolation) whom were transferred to the hospital after committing suicide and were selected by convenience sampling method. In this study, NEO Personality Inventory and the Skin Suicide Attempt Questionnaire were used to collect data.
Results: Inferential analysis revealed that considering personality traits (Neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness) there was significant difference between those who attempted to commit suicide by self-immolation and consuming drugs. However, no significant difference was found between these two groups with regard to attitude to suicide.
Conclusion: Since personality traits are considered as a risk factor for suicide so it seems necessary to pay more attention to them for understanding and preventing suicide.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Suicide
  • Self-Immolation
  • Personality Traits
  • Attitude to Suicide

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