اثربخشی مداخله والد محور بر نشانه‌های اضطراب و مشکلات برون سازی کودکان 6 تا 9 سال

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 استاد، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،‌ اهواز، ایران

4 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی مداخله والد-محور بر نشانه­های اضطراب و مشکلات برون سازی کودکان 6 تا 9 سال شهر اهواز بود.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع آزمایشی بود. در این پژوهش با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری در دسترس 30 نفر از مادران داوطلب واجد شرایط انتخاب و  بطور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (15 نفر در هر گروه) قرار گرفتند. اعضای گروه آزمایش یک دوره مداخله 10 جلسه ای (هر هفته یک جلسه، به مدت 2 ساعت) دریافت کردند و اعضای گروه کنترل نیز در انتظار مداخله قرار گرفتند. آزمودنی های هر دو گروه قبل از شروع مداخله، در پایان دوره (حدوداً 2 ماه بعد)، و 2 ماه پس از پایان دوره (در مرحله پیگیری)، به پرسشنامه های فهرست مشکلات رفتاری کودک و مقیاس اسپنس پاسخ دادند. داده ها با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری و یک متغیری مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته­ها: نتایج حاصل از تحلیل داده ها نشان داد که مداخله والد-محور باعث کاهش نشانه های اضطراب (67/60F= و001/0p) و مشکلات برون سازی (22/56F= و001/0p) کودکان گروه آزمایش در مقایسه با گروه کنترل شده است، و نتایج درمانی 2 ماه پس از پایان دوره در گروه آزمایش حفظ شده است.
نتیجه­گیری: این مداخله می تواند در کاهش نشانه های اضطراب و مشکلات برون سازی کودکان مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Parent-Based Intervention on Anxiety Symptoms and Externalizing Problems of 6-9 Years Old Children

نویسندگان [English]

  • R Shahni, 1
  • I. Davoudi, 2
  • Mahnaz Mehrabi zadeh Hounarmand 3
  • yadollah Zargar 4
1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران
2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران
3 استاد، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز،‌ اهواز، ایران
4 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران
چکیده [English]

Introduction:Childhood is the most important life stages. Often incompatibility and psychiatric disorders in adolescence and adulthood arises from the neglect of emotional-behavioral problems during childhood. Present study has been aimed to evaluate effectiveness of parent-based intervention on anxiety symptoms and externalizing problems of 6-9 years old children of Ahvaz city.
Method: This research design is quasi-experimental design. In this study, 30 mothers of eligible volunteers were selected by using convenience sampling method and were  assigned to two experimental group and control group (n=15). The experimental group received 10 sessions of intervention (one session per week for 2 hours) and control group were waiting for intervention. The participants of both groups responded to Children's Behavior Checklist and Spence Children's Anxiety Scale before intervention, at the end of intervention (approximately two months), and 2 months after the end of intervention (follow-up).The data was analyzed by multivariate covariance and univariate analysis of variance (MANOVA and ANOVA).
Results: The findings of data analysis showed that parent-based intervention has significantly reduced symptoms of anxiety (p<0.001, F=60.67) and externalizing problems (p≤0.001, F=56.22) in children of experimental group compared to control group and these results has been maintained for two months after intervention.
Conclusion: Parent-based intervention can be used in reduction of anxiety symptoms and externalizing problems in children.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Children's Anxiety
  • Externalizing Problems
  • Parent-Based Intervention
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