اثربخشی آموزش تلقیح استرس بر پرخاشگری، در پسران نوجوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: این پژوهش با هدف بررسی اثربخشی آموزش تلقیح استرس بر پرخاشگری بدنی، کلامی و خصومت نوجوانان پسر صورت گرفت.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون-پس آزمون با دو گروه آزمایش و گواه است. جامعه‌ی ‌پژوهش حاضر پسران دانش آموز 12- 15 ساله‌ی منطقه‌ی 6 مشهد بود. نمونه‌ی پژوهش 24 دانش آموز بود که براساس کسب بیشترین نمره در آزمون پرخاشگری باس- پری انتخاب شده بودند و به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه آزمایش و گواه تقسیم شده بودند. ابزار این پژوهش پرسشنامه‌ی پرخاشگری باس- پری بود. آزمودنی‌های گروه آزمایش، آموزش تلقیح استرس را در 8 جلسه دریافت کردند. اما گروه گواه هیچ نوع خدمات روانشناختی دریافت نکردند. داده‌ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس یک متغیره و چند متغیره انجام شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد آموزش تلقیح استرس خصومت، پرخاشگری بدنی و پرخاشگری کلامی را در ‌گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه گواه به طور معناداری کاهش می‌دهد (01/0>p). اما خشم در اثر آموزش تلقیح استرس تغییر معناداری در گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه گواه نکرد.
نتیجه­گیری: آموزش تلقیح استرس با اثرگذاری بر ابعاد شناختی و رفتاری پرخاشگری روشی مؤثر برای کاهش میزان پرخاشگری و خصومت است. با وجود این، یک مداخله‌ی جامع‌تر (شامل خانواده و محیط اجتماعی) با جلسات درمانی بیشتر احتمالا می‌تواند بر کاهش خشم (بعد هیجانی پرخاشگری) تأثیرگذار باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Stress Inoculation Training on Aggression, Anger and Hostility in Adolescent Boys

نویسندگان [English]

  • H Khadem, 1
  • Abbas Rahiminezhad 2
  • T. Ranjbari, 1
1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This study was aimed to examine effectiveness of Stress Inoculation Training on physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger and hostility in adolescent boys.
Method: This study is quasi-experimental and pretest - posttest with control group. The study population included adolescent boys aged 12-15 years old in Mashhad. The sample was 24 students that were selected according to gain the highest score in Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire and randomly was assigned to experimental and control groups. Buss Perry Aggression Questionnaire was used as tool in current study. The experimental group received 8 sessions of Stress Inoculation Training but the control group did not receive any psychological treatment. Multivariate Analyses of covariance and One-Way Analysis of covariance were used to analyze the data.
Results: Findings indicated that Stress Inoculation Training significantly reduced hostility, physical aggression and verbal aggression in experimental group in comparison to control group (p < 0.01). However, no significant change was observed in anger in experimental group in comparison to the control group.
Conclusion: Stress Inoculation Training is effective method by affecting on cognitive and behavioral dimension for reducing aggression and hostility. However, more comprehensive intervention (including family and society) with more therapeutic sessions would probably be effective in reducing anger (emotional dimension of aggression)

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Stress Inoculation Training
  • aggression
  • Anger
  • Hostility
  • Adolescent
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