اثربخشی درمان شناختی –رفتاری مبتنی بر مدل هافمن بر کاهش ترس از ارزیابی منفی و توجه متمرکز بر خود در اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 ** استاد، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی درمان شناختی –رفتاری مبتنی بر مدل هافمن بر کاهش ترس از ارزیابی منفی و توجه متمرکز بر خود افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی بود.
روش: طرح پژوهش حاضر به صورت طرح تک آزمودنی با استفاده از خطوط پایه چندگانه پلکانی بود. طی 12 جلسه ، بر روی سه بیمار دختر، در دوره پیگیری یک ماهه و 4 ماهه اجرا شد. داده های پژوهش با استفاده از پرسش نامه هراس اجتماعی ، فرم کوتاه پرسش نامه ترس از ارزیابی منفی و پرسشنامه کانون توجه جمع آوری شدندو برای تحلیل داده ها از روش های تحلیل نموداری و ترسیمی و جهت بررسی معناداری بالینی از درصد بهبودی و اندازه اثر استفاده شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد که درمان شناختی –رفتاری مبتنی بر مدل هافمن منجر به کاهش میزان ترس از ارزیابی منفی و توجه متمرکز بر خود در افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی می شود. پیگیری 1 ماهه و 4 ماهه حاکی از پایداری تغییرات درمانی بود.
نتیجه­گیری: براساس یافته های پژوهش حاضر درمان شناختی-رفتاری مبتنی بر مدل هافمن موجب کاهش میزان ترس از ارزیابی منفی و توجه متمرکز بر خود در مبتلایان به اختلال اضطراب اجتماعی می شود ؛ لذا توصیه می شود درمانگران از این مدل درمانی در درمان مبتلایان به این اختلال استفاده کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy based on Hofmann’s Model on Fear of Negative Evaluation and Self- Focused Attention in Social Anxiety Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • T. Hashemi-Nosratabad, 1
  • M Mahmoud-Alilou, 2
  • A ., Gholizadeh, 3
1 استاد، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران
2 ** استاد، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران
3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of cognitive- behavioral therapy based on Hofmann’s model on the reduction of fear of negative evaluation and self- focused attention in social anxiety disorder (SAD).
Method: The study was single-subject design.This study was conducted  by using multiple-baselines design during the 12 sessions, on three female patients with one month and four months follow-up.
 Data were gathered through Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN), The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE) and Focus of Attention Questionnaire (FAQ). visual analyze, percent of improvement and effect size methods were used to analyzes of data.
Results: The cognitive- behavioral therapy based on Hofmann’s model led to reduce fear of negative evaluation and self- focused attention in social anxiety disorder. The results of treatment continued to one month and four months follow-up period.
Conclusions: Cognitive- behavioral therapy based on Hofmann’s model reduced fear of negative evaluation in social anxiety disorder.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social Anxiety Disorder
  • Fear of Negative Evaluation
  • Self- Focused Attention
  • Cognitive- Behavioral Therapy
  • Hofmann’s Model

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