مقایسه ناگویی خلقی در افراد با و بدون اختلال نقص توجه/ بیش فعالی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی شناختی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه زبان شناسی همگانی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

4 استادیار، گروه آمار دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: افراد دارای ADHD در تنظیم پاسخ های هیجانی نارسایی دارند که در واقع منبع اختلال در تعاملات بین فردی آن ها می باشد، از آن جهت که توانایی ادراک و تفسیر مناسب احساسات و هیجانات خود و دیگران به منظور سازگاری با روابط بین فردی بسیار حیاتی است.
مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه ویژگی­های ناگویی خلقی در بزرگسالان  با و بدون اختلال نقص­توجه/ بیش­فعالیبود.
روش: روش پژوهش علی مقایسه­ای و جامعه آماری کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه تهران بود. برای غربالگری دانشجویان از لحاظ اختلال نقص توجه/ بیش فعالی از پرسشنامه کانرز بزرگسالان، برای 580 دانشجو مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. در مرحله دوم 40 نفر از افرادی که در کرانه بالا قرار داشتند(یعنی افرادی که بالاترین نمره را در پرسشنامه کانرز کسب کرده بودند)  به مصاحبه بالینی دعوت شدند، برای تشخیص اختلال نقص توجه/ بیش فعالی؛ مصاحبه تشخیصی توسط روانپزشک انجام شد. از بین افراد دعوت شده به مصاحبه، 10 نفر بر اساس تشخیص روانپزشک کنار گذاشته شدند. در پایان، دو گروه 30 نفره(30 نفر = بیمار، 30 نفر= عادی) با استفاده از مقیاس ناگویی خلقی تورنتو مورد مقایسه قرار گرفتند.
یافته­ها: نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره نشان داد که نمرات افراد مبتلا به اختلال نقص­توجه/ بیش­فعالیدر مؤلفه­های ناگویی خلقی شامل؛ ناتوانی در شناسایی احساسات و ناتوانی در توصیف احساسات به صورت معنی­داری بیشتر از افراد عادی بود، اما از لحاظ تفکر برون­مدار تفاوت معنی­داری بین دو گروه وجود نداشت.
نتیجه­گیری: بر اساس یافته­های حاصل از پژوهش می­توان نتیجه گیری کرد که افراد با اختلال نقص­توجه/ بیش­فعالیدارای برخی از ویژگی های ناگویی خلقی هستند و در پاسخ­های هیجانی دچار نارسایی هستند. بنابراین توجه به مسائل هیجانی افراد با اختلال نقص­توجه/ بیش­فعالیبیش از پیش حائز اهمیت است.                                                                                    

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Alexithymia in Individuals with and without Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • F., Roshani, 1
  • M Najafi, 2
  • Sh Naqshbandi, 3
  • P. Malekzade, 4
1 کارشناسی ارشد روانشناسی شناختی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Department of Clinical Psychology, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
3 استادیار، گروه زبان شناسی همگانی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران
4 استادیار، گروه آمار دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران
چکیده [English]

Introduction:The main objective of this research was to compare Alexithymia features in individuals with and without Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Method: The Method of study was expo-facto and the statistical population included all students of University of Tehran. Conners’Adult Rating Scales (CAARS) was used to screen 580 students in terms of Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In the second stage, 40 participants who gained the highest scored (i.e. in Conners’ scales) were invited to clinical interview. The diagnostic interview based on Utah Rating Scale (DSM-5) was conducted by a psychiatrist to diagnose ADHD. 10 patients out of the total40 individuals who have been invited to the interview, were excluded according to the psychiatric diagnosis. At the end, two groups of 30 people (30= patients, 30= normal) were compared together by using Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS).
Results: The results of multivariate analysis of variance showed that scores of people with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in components of alexithymia contains;difficulty in identifying and describing feelings was significantly higher than normal populationbut there was no significant difference in externally oriented thinking.
Conclusion:Based on the findings of this study, it can be concludedpeople with Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have some features of alexithymia and in emotional responses are inferiority. Therefore, attention to the emotional issues of people with attention deficit / hyperactivity disorder is more important than the past.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
  • Alexithymia

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