اثربخشی درمان آدلری بر علایم بالینی و رضایت از زندگی افراد مبتلا به اختلال اضطراب فراگیر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 استاد، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلال اضطراب فراگیر، یکی از شایع­ترین اختلالات اضطرابی در مراکز بالینی و همچنین جمعیت دانشجویی است که غالبا مزمن است. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی درمان آدلری بر علایم بالینی و رضایت از زندگی دانشجویان مبتلا به اضطراب فراگیر بود.
روش: طرح پژوهش حاضر از نوع نیمه آزمایشی و نمونه آماری شامل کلیه دانشجویان شهر نیشابور بود. نمونه­ای آماری شامل 30 دانشجوی مبتلا به اضطراب فراگیر از بین دانشجویان ﻣﺮاﺟﻌﻪ ﮐﻨﻨﺪه به مرکز مشاوره دانشگاه­های آزاد و پیام­نور نیشابور بر اساس پرسشنامه نگرانی پن(PSWQ) و مصاحبه بالینی انتخاب شدند و به شیوه تصادفی 15 نفر در گروه آزمایش  و 15  نفر در گروه کنترل قرار گرفتند و سپس در 10 جلسه 90 دقیقه ای درمان آدلری شرکت کردند. پرسشنامه های رضایت از زندگی داینر و اضطراب حالت-صفت اﺳﭙﯿﻠﺒﺮﮔﺮ به عنوان پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون ارائه شد. داده­ها با استفاده از تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغییره مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت.
یافته­ها: نتایج حاصل از پژوهش نشان داد که درمان به شیوه آدلری توانسته میانگین نمرات اضطراب حالتی و صفتی گروه آزمایش را در مقایسه با گروه گواه، کاهش دهد ولی در متغیر رضایت از زندگی تفاوتی وجود نداشت.
نتیجه­گیری: می­توان از درمان آدلری به عنوان یک مداخله اثربخش در کاهش شدت علایم بالینی اضطراب فراگیر استفاده کرد. استفاده از این مداخله برای کاهش علایم اختلال اضطراب فراگیر به بالینگران توصیه می­شود.




 












کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of Adlerian therapy on the clinical symptoms and the life satisfaction of generalized anxiety disordered students

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Mollanorouzi, 1
  • A Issazadeghan, 2
  • S soleimani, 3
1 Urmia University
2 urmia university
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is the most prevalent anxiety disorder in clinical centers and students population that is frequently observed in its chronic form. The main aim of the present study was to explore the Adlerian Therapy effectiveness on the clinical symptoms and the life satisfaction of the generalized anxiety disordered students.
Method: Using a semi experimental design a sample of 30 students of Neyshabur city, suffering from GAD were selected among students admitted to the counseling center of Azad University and Payam-e-Noor University of Neyshabur based on the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) and clinical interviews. Students then were randomly divided into two 15-member experimental and control groups and undergon ten 90-minutes Adlerian therapy sessions. The students were presented with the Diener's Life Satisfaction Questionnaire and Spielberger's State-Trait anxiety Inventory in the pretest and posttest, stages and the collected data were analyzed using covariance analysis.
Results: The results of the study showed that Adlerian therapy could reduce the mean score of the state and trait anxiety in the experimental group compared to the control group, no difference was found for the life satisfaction variable.
Conclusion: Adlerian therapy can be effective intervention in reducing the severity of clinical symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder. Application of this intervention is recommended to clinicians for reducing GAD symptoms in students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adlerian treatment
  • Life Satisfaction
  • Generalized Anxiet

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