اثربخشی درمان متمرکز بر شفقت بر افسردگی و اضطراب زنان مطلقه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مشاوره دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه مشاوره دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز، اهواز، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: طلاق یکی از عوامل ایجاد‌کننده اختلال روانی در زندگی است. افراد مطلقه بیشتر از افراد متأهل دچار اختلالات روانی می‌شوند. هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی درمان متمرکز بر شفقت بر کاهش افسردگی و اضطراب زنان مطلقه بود.
روش: روش پژوهش، طرح تجربی تک‌موردی از نوع خط پایه چندگانه ناهمزمان بود. بدین‌منظور با توجه به ملاک های ورود و خروج چهار نفر از زنان مطلقه با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی‌ها طی چند نوبت خط پایه، 8 جلسه درمان متمرکز بر شفقت و ۲ نوبت پیگیری شرکت کردند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه افسردگی بک و پرسشنامه اضطراب بک بودند. داده‌ها به روش ترسیم دیداری، شاخص تغییر پایا و فرمول درصد بهبودی تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که درمان متمرکز بر شفقت بر کاهش افسردگی و اضطراب اثر معناداری داشت. پیگیری دو و چهار هفته‌ای نیز حاکی از پایداری تغییرات درمانی بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر درمان متمرکز بر شفقت بر کاهش افسردگی و اضطراب زنان مطلقه اثر معناداری داشت. بنابراین، این درمان می‌تواند به‌عنوان روشی جدید در کاهش افسردگی و اضطراب برای روان‌درمانگران و خانواده درمانگران مورد استفاده قرار گیرد.





کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of compassion-focused psychotherapy on depression and anxiety of divorced women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kh Shiralinia, 1
  • R Cheldavi, 2
  • A Amanelahi, 3
1 Assistant Professor ,dep of counseling,shahid chamran university,Ahvaz
3 Assistant Professor,dep of counseling,shahid chamran university of Ahvaz
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Divorce is considered as one of the leading factors for mental disorder in persons ‘ life. Mental disorders is more frequent in divorced persons than married people. The aim  of this study was to determine the effectiveness of compassion-focused psychotherapy on decreasing depression and anxiety in divorced women.
Method: The method of the study was non-congruent multiple baselines experimental single case design. Four divorced women were selected using convenience sampling method. Participants participated in the several baseline steps, 8 intervention compassion-focused therapy sessions and 2 follow-ups. The instruments used were Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Data were analyzed using Visual Drawing method, Permanent Change Index, and Percentage Improvement Formula.
Results: The results showed that compassion- focused therapy significantly reduced  depression and anxiety symptoms of divorced women. A follow-up of two or four weeks also indicated the sustainability of the therapeutic changes.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this research, compassion-focused therapy could significantly affect depression and anxiety in divorced women. Consequently this treatment is recommended as a useful intervention and a new method for reducing depression and anxiety to psychotherapists and family therapists.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Compassion focused therapy
  • depression
  • Anxiety
  • Divorced women
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