عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: Divorce is considered as one of the leading factors for mental disorder in persons ‘ life. Mental disorders is more frequent in divorced persons than married people. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of compassion-focused psychotherapy on decreasing depression and anxiety in divorced women.
Method: The method of the study was non-congruent multiple baselines experimental single case design. Four divorced women were selected using convenience sampling method. Participants participated in the several baseline steps, 8 intervention compassion-focused therapy sessions and 2 follow-ups. The instruments used were Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory. Data were analyzed using Visual Drawing method, Permanent Change Index, and Percentage Improvement Formula.
Results: The results showed that compassion- focused therapy significantly reduced depression and anxiety symptoms of divorced women. A follow-up of two or four weeks also indicated the sustainability of the therapeutic changes.
Conclusion: According to the findings of this research, compassion-focused therapy could significantly affect depression and anxiety in divorced women. Consequently this treatment is recommended as a useful intervention and a new method for reducing depression and anxiety to psychotherapists and family therapists.
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