اثربخشی آموزش تاب آوری بر کاهش احساس تنهایی و اضطراب دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش تاب­آوری بر کاهش احساس تنهایی و اضطراب، دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستانی بود.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع شبه آزمایشی است که در آن از طرح پیش آزمون - پس آزمون با گروه کنترل استفاده شد. جامعه پژوهش کلیه دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستان شهر الشترکه در سال 95 مشغول تحصیل بودند. به منظور انتخاب نمونه از بین دانش آموزانی که نمرات آنها در ترکیب متغیرهای وابسته بیش از یک انحراف استاندارد بالاتر از متوسط بود 30 نفر به صورت تصادفی انتخاب و به دو گروه 15 نفره تقسیم شدند. در نهایت به صورت تصادف یکی از گروه­ها به عنوان گروه آزمایش و گروه دیگر به عنوان گروه کنترل در نظر گرفته شد. و گروه آزمایش12 جلسه برنامه آموزش تاب­آوری را دریافت کردند، در حالی که به گروه کنترل هیچ­گونه آموزشی ارائه نشد. هر دو گروه پرسشنامه احساس تنهایی و اضطراب را قبل و بعد از مداخله تکمیل کردند.
یافته‌ها: داده­های پژوهش با استفاده از تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره (مانوا) و تک متغیره (آنوا) تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که میزان احساس تنهایی و اضطراب گروه آزمایش در مقایسه با گروه کنترل کاهش یافت.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتایج  تحقیق کاهش سطح تنهایی و اضطراب دانشجویان را بدنبال آموزش تاب­آوری نشان می­دهد. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش پیشنهاد می­شود به منظور کاهش احساس تنهایی و اضطراب دانش آموزان از مداخله آموزش تاب آوری بهره گرفته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Resiliency Education to Reduce the Loneliness and Anxiety of High School Girl Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Z Nasirzade, 1
  • A.M Razai, 2
  • M.A Mohamadifar 2
1 Faculty of Psychology & Educational sciences Mahdishahr , Semnan University , Darband, Mehdishahr, Semnan, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor،Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences of Semnan، semnan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resilience education on the reduction of loneliness and anxiety of high school girl students.
Method: The present study was a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest design with control group. The research population of all high school girl students in al-Shaterkeh in 1995 was studying. In order to select a sample among students whose grades in the combination of dependent variables were more than a standard deviation higher than the average, 30 were randomly selected and divided into two groups of 15 person. Eventually, one of the groups was randomly assigned as the experimental group and the other group was considered as the control group. The experimental group received 12 sessions of the training program, while no training was provided to the control group. Both groups completed the loneliness and anxiety questionnaires before and after the intervention.
Results: Data were analyzed using a Multivariate Analysis of  Covariance and one-way Analysis of Variance. The final result showed that the level of loneliness and anxiety in the experimental group decreased compared to the control group.
Conclusion: Results of this research showed decreased level of loneliness and anxiety following the Resilience Education intervention in the students. Applying this intervention to reduce the students' loneliness and anxiety then is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • loneliness
  • Anxiety
  • Resilience

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