اثربخشی گروه‌درمانی کاهش تنیدگی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر پرخاشگری و رفتار پرخطر نوجوانان پسر بی‏سرپرست

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استاد، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: این پژوهش به منظور بررسی اثربخشی گروه‌درمانی کاهش تنیدگی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر پرخاشگری و رفتار پرخطر نوجوانان پسر بی‏سرپرست انجام شد.
روش: این پژوهش نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش­آزمون - و پس­آزمون همراه با گروه کنترل بود. از بین مراکز نگهداری نوجوانان پسر بی‏سرپرست در سطح شهر مشهد، دو مرکز به صورت تصادفی انتخاب شد. پرسشنامه‌های پرخاشگری و رفتار پرخطر از اعضای این دو مرکز اخذ شد. افرادی که یک انحراف معیار بالاتر از میانگین بودند به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ۱۶ نفر به‌عنوان گروه آزمایش و گروه کنترل انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه جایگزینی شدند. گروه آزمایش گروه‌درمانی کاهش تنیدگی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی را به مدت هشت جلسه 90 دقیقه­ای دریافت کرد و گروه کنترل در فهرست انتظار قرار گرفت. در پایان از هر دو گروه پس‌آزمون اخذ شد. آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‏ها استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری نشان داد که گروه‌درمانی کاهش تنیدگی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر کاهش پرخاشگری و رفتارهای پرخطر نوجوانان بی‏سرپرست از نظر آماری معنادار بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: این پژوهش نشان داد که گروه‌درمانی کاهش تنیدگی مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی به‌عنوان یک درمان مؤثر، می‌تواند برای نوجوانان بی­سرپرستی که به علت عدم شبکه حمایتی خانواده به رفتارهای پرخطر مانند بزهکاری و پرخاشگری فیزیکی و کلامی دچار هستند، مفید واقع شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Group Training on Aggression and Risky Behavior in Male Orphan Adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • R Nezampoor, 1
  • A Mashhadi, 2
  • I. Bigdeli, 3
چکیده [English]

Introduction: This research examined efficacy of mindfulness-based stress reduction group training on aggression and risky behavior in orphan male adolescents.
Method: This semi-experimental study was conducted with a pre-test and post-test design with control group. Two centers were randomly selected among the orphan care centers for adolescent boys in Mashhad. Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire and Adolescent Risk-taking Questionnaire were collected from the members of these two centers. Those with a higher score on aggression and risk-taking behavior were studied. 16 person were selected as the experimental and control groups and randomly assigned to two groups. The experimental group received mindfulness-based stress reduction for eight 90-minute sessions and the control group was placed on the waiting list. Both groups received post-test and a Multivariate Analysis of Covariance applied on the collected dataset.
Results: Results of a MANCOVA analysis indicated that a group training mindfulness-based stress reduction significantly reduced average scores of adolescent’s aggression and risky behaviors.
Conclusion: This study showed that mindfulness-based stress reduction group training as an effective treatment could be useful for orphan adolescents who are suffering from high risky behaviors such as delinquency and physical and verbal aggression due to lack of family support network.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction
  • aggression
  • risky behavior
  • orphan adolescents
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