مقایسه سیستم های مغزی – رفتاری، اضطراب وجودی و عواطف مثبت و منفی میان نمونه های غیربالینی افراد دارای صفات شخصیتی خودشیفته و مرزی با افراد عادی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی سلامت دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه سیستم­های مغزی- رفتاری، اضطراب وجودی و عواطف مثبت و منفی در نمونه­های غیربالینی افراد دارای صفات خودشیفته و مرزی با افراد عادی انجام شد.
روش: با استفاده از یک طرح علی-مقایسه ای از میان 200 نفر از افراد در دامنه­ی سنی 18 تا 30 سال شهر تهران بر اساس نمره خودشیفتگی و مرزی، 90 شرکت­کننده (30 نفر مرزی، 30 نفر خودشیفته و 30 نفر عادی) انتخاب شدند. داده­ها با استفاده از مقیاس تجربه مثبت و منفی، مقیاس مهارت­های ارتباطی، مقیاس شخصیت خودشیفته، مقیاس سیستم­های بازداری/ فعال­ساز رفتاری، و مقیاس اضطراب وجودی گردآوری و با روش تجزیه و تحلیل واریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: طبق نتایج، عاطفه مثبت در گروه­ عادی به صورت معناداری بیشتر از گروه مرزی بود اما بین گروه مرزی و خودشیفته تفاوتی دیده نشد. از نظر عاطفه منفی و اضطراب وجودی بین گروه­های عادی و خودشیفته تفاوتی دیده نشد. اما میانگین عاطفه منفی و اضطراب وجودی گروه مرزی از هر دو گروه عادی و خودشیفته به صورت معناداری بالاتر بود. از نظر سطح حساسیت سیستم بازداری و سیستم فعال­ساز تفاوتی بین هیچ یک از گروه­ها دیده نشد.
نتیجه‌گیری: در مجموع، بالاتر بودن عاطفه منفی و اضطراب وجودی را می­توان از جمله موارد تمایز افراد مرزی از افراد خودشیفته و عادی در نظر گرفت، و این یافته ممکن است دارای دلالت­های درمانی و آموزشی مهمی برای متخصصان بالینی باشد.




 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of the Brain-Behavioral Systems, Existential Anxiety and Positive and Negative Affects Between Non-clinical Samples with Narcissistic and Borderline Traits and Normal Individuals

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Dehghan, 1
  • M Shahgholian, 2
  • A Rasooli, . 1
1 Departmant of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The present study was conducted to compare the brain-behavioral systems, existential anxiety and positive and negative affects among non-clinical samples of individuals with narcissistic and borderline personalitiy traits with normal people.
Method: Using an expo-facto design among 200 individuals in 18 to 30 years age range in Tehran, 90 participants (30 borderline, 30 narcissistic and 30 normal people) were selected based on their narcissism and borderline scores. The data were collected by Positive and Negative Experience Scale, Communication Skills Scale, Narcissistic Personality Inventory, Behavioral Inhibition/ Activation Systems Scale, and Existential Anxiety Scale  and analyzed by a MANOVA statistical analysis.
Results: Positive affect in the normal group was significantly higher than the borderline group,whereas  no difference observed between borderline and narcissistic groups. No significant differences were evident for the negative affect and existential anxiety between normal and narcissistic groups as well. However the mean of negative affect and existential anxiety of the borderline group was significantly higher in the both normal and narcissistic groups. No significant level of inhibition and activation system were obtained between study groups as well.
Conclusion: In general, a higher negative affect and existential anxiety could diffenciate borderlines from narcisisistics and normal individuals. This may have important therapeutic and educational implications for clinicians.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Brain-behavioral system
  • existential anxiety
  • affect
  • narcissistic
  • borderline
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