مدل یابی ساختاری اختلالات اضطرابی و افسردگی در کودکان و نوجوانان دختر شهر ارومیه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه علم و فرهنگ، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر، مدل­یابی ساختاری اختلالات اضطرابی و افسردگی در کودکان و نوجوانان بود.
روش: پژوهش حاضر طرحی از نوع تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و مدل سازی معادلات ساختاری است. به این منظور 280 نفر از دانش آموزان دختر 6-13 ساله شهر ارومیه انتخاب شدند و  مقیاس تجدید نظر شده­ی اضطراب و افسردگی کودکان و همچنین آزمون الگوی سه بخشی اضطراب را تکمیل کردند.
یافته‌ها: با مقایسه­ی روایی مدل­های اندازگیری اختلالات اضطرابی از طریق تحلیل عاملی تأییدی، مدل شش عاملی اختلالات اضطرابی مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. در گام دوم به منظور بررسی روایی سازه مدل شش عاملی، ارتباط نظری آن در قالب روابط منتج از الگوی ساختاری سه سطحی براون (1998) و مقایسه آن با مدل­های دو سطحی از طریق مدل­یابی معادله ساختاری (SEM) انجام گرفت، که در آن یافته‌های به دست آمده از روایی افتراقی الگوی شش عاملی اختلال‌های اضطرابی و افسردگی راهنمای تشخیصی آماری اختلالات روانپزشکی، ویراست پنجم و مدل سه بخشی اضطراب و افسردگی حمایت می‌کند. از میان چند الگوی ساختاری، بهترین برازش ساختاری به دست آمد که در آن عوامل مرتبه‌ی بالا شامل ابعاد عاطفی (عاطفه‌ی منفی و عاطفه‌ی مثبت) به شیوه‌ی قابل انتظار روی عوامل اختلال اضطرابی و افسردگی، اثر معنی‌دار می‌گذارند.
نتیجه‌گیری: الگوی سلسله مراتبی تلفیقی براون و کورپیتا با در نظر گرفتن محدودیت‌های پژوهش حاضر مورد تأیید قرار می‌گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Structural Modeling of Anxiety And Depression Disorders in Urumiya Children and Adolescent Girls

نویسندگان [English]

  • M Abedighelichgheshlaghi, 1
  • A.A., Soleymani, 2
  • H Yaghubi, 3
2 Elm o Farhan university, Psychology department
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of present study was structural modeling of the anxiety disorders and depression in children and adolescents.
Method: The method used in this study was Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling. To this end, 280 of the students were chosen from Urumiya who answered Revised Children Anxiety Disorders Scale (RCADS) and also completed tripartite model of anxiety test (3FQ).
Results: Comparing the validity of anxiety disorder measurement models through confirmatory factor analysis, a six factors model for anxiety disorders was approved as a first step. In the second step, inorder to verify the constructive validity of the six factors model, the theoretical relationship in the form of the resulting three-level structural model of Brown (1998) compared with two-level models through Structural Equation Modeling(SEM), in which the obtained findig from the discriminant validity factor analysis confirmed the six factors model of anxiety and depression in DSM-5, as well as, the tripartite model of anxiety and depression. Among several structural models, the best fit structure was obtained in which the higher-order factors including affect dimensions (negative and positive affect) as expected significantly affected the anxiety disorders and depression.
Conclusion: Brown Chorpita discriminating hierarchical model taking into account the limitations of the present study is approved.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anxiety
  • depression
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis
  • Structural Equation Modeling

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