اثربخشی آموزش والددرمانگری بر مشکلات رفتاری دانش آموزان دخترِ دارای اختلال نافرمانی مقابله ای

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه مشاوره و راهنمایی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی خمین، خمین، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مشاوره و راهنمایی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اراک، اراک، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی خمین، خمین، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین اثربخشی آموزش والددرمانگری بر مشکلات رفتاری (اضطراب/ افسردگی، پرخاشگری، عملکرد اجتماعی) دانش­آموزان دختر با اختلال نافرمانی مقابله­ای بود.
روش: روش پژوهش از نوع نیمه آزمایشی با پیش­آزمون، پس آزمون و گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه دانش­آموزان دختر مدارس ابتدایی و متوسطه شهر الیگودرز بود. بر اساس روش نمونه­گیری هدفمند تعداد 43 دانش­آموز مشکوک به نافرمانی مقابله ای انتخاب و سپس از طریق مقیاس  درجه بندی نافرمانی مقابله­ای کودکان(ODDRS) تعداد 30 نفر از آنان بعنوان نمونه انتخاب گردیدند و به روش جایگزینی تصادفی مادرانشان در دو گروه  (15n=) آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. گروه آزمایش بسته آموزشی والد درمانگری ایبرگ (1997) را در طی 10 جلسه دریافت کردند. درحالیکه گروه کنترل مداخله­ای دریافت نکرد. سه زیر مقیاس (اضطراب/ افسردگی، پرخاشگری و مشکلات اجتماعی) از 8 زیرمقیاس پرسشنامه مشکلات رفتاری آخنباخ در مراحل پیش­آزمون و پس­آزمون اجرا گردید و داده‌های جمع­آوری شده با استفاده از روش آماری تحلیل کوواریانس چند متغیری تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج این پژوهش نشان داد که آموزش والددرمانگری بطور معنادار سبب کاهش میانگین نمرات اضطراب/ افسردگی دانش­آموزان دچار نافرمانی مقابله­ای گروه آزمایش نسبت به کنترل می شود، اما بر روی میانگین نمرات رفتار پرخاشگرانه و مشکلات اجتماعی آنان تأثیر معناداری نداشت.
نتیجه‌گیری: می­توان نتیجه گرفت که آموزش والددرمانگری موجب بهبود حالات افسردگی و اضطراب دانش­آموزان دچار نافرمانی مقابله­ای می­شو د و در مدیریت  اضطراب و افسردگی دانش­آموزان دختر مبتلا به اختلال نافرمانی مقابله­ای کار برد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Parenting Therapy on Behavioral Problems of Girl Students with Oppositional Defiant Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • H Davudi, 1
  • A kalhor, 2
  • E. Alibabaei-Noqane-Sofla, 3
2 Department of Psychology, Arak branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the Parenting Therapy on the behavioral problems (anxiety/depression, aggression, and social functioning) in girls with oppositional defiant disorder.
Method: A semi-experimental design with pre and post-test and a control group was applied. The study population was all female school  students of the Aligudarz city. By a purposeful sampling method 43  school students with likely  oppsitional defiant disorder  were selected and 30 with higher scores in the Achenbach’s  Oppsitional Defiant Disorder Rating Scale )ODDRS) were selected and their mothers classified into two (n=15) groups randomly (experimental and control groups). The experimental group received 10 sessions of  Eyberg (1997) Parenting Training  Package during 10 sessions, while no intervention made on the control group. Three subscales of (anxiety/depression, aggression, and social functioning) from 8 Akhenbakh  subscales were performed in the pre-test and post-test stages and the collected data were analyzed applying a Multivariate Analysis of Covariance.
Results: The study results showed that parenting training could significantly reduce the average scores of the student’s anxiety/depression average scores in the experimental group than control. No significant effects were found for aggression and social functions.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that the Parenting Therapy improves the anxiety/depression symptoms in these children and is recommended in management of anxiety/depression in the  oppositional defiant disorder girl students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Parenting therapy
  • behavioral problems
  • oppositional defiant disorder

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