آماده سازی نسخۀ کوتاه مقیاس بین المللی کارآمدی افتادن برای سالمندان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه علوم ورزشی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

3 کارشناس ارشد رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: ترس از افتادن می‎تواند منجر به ناراحتی و کاهش کیفیت زندگی افراد سالمند شود. هدف از پژوهش حاضر آماده سازی نسخۀ کوتاه مقیاس بین المللی کارآمدی افتادن در سالمندان بود که به منظور سنجش ترس از افتادن طراحی شده است.
روش: جهت بررسی اعتبار سازه‎ای، مقیاس کوتاه کارآمدی افتادن، 200 نفر از سالمندان (108 مرد و 92 زن) با سطوح مختلف فعالیت به شکل نمونه‌گیری در دسترس انتخاب و نسخۀ کوتاه مقیاس بین المللی کارآمدی افتادن را تکمیل کردند. ابتدا، اعتبار صوری و صحت ترجمۀ ابزار تأیید شد. در ادامه برای تعیین اعتبار سازه‌ای مقیاس از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و برای بررسی اعتبار همگرا از همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد. برای تعیین همسانی ‏درونی مقیاس نیز از ضریب آلفای‏کرونباخ و برای تعیین پایایی زمانی سؤالات از ضریب همبستگی درون طبقه‏ای در روش بازآزمایی استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: مقدار پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 95/0 و ضریب همبستگی درون طبقه‏ای 87/0 بدست آمد. به‌منظور بررسی اعتبار سازه‎ای و واگرایی به ترتیب از تحلیل عاملی تأییدی و نسخۀ اصلی مقیاس بین‎المللی کارآمدی افتادن استفاده شد که نتایج مطالعه نشان‌دهنده برازندگی مطلوب شاخص‎های (02/0RMSEA= ،1= CFI ،1TLI=) بود.
نتیجه‌گیری: نسخۀ کوتاه مقیاس بین المللی کارآمدی افتادن می‌تواند به‌عنوان ابزاری معتبر و پایا جهت مطالعه و ارزیابی کارآمدی افتادن سالمندان ایرانی استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Preparing a Short Version of the International Falls Efficacy Scale to Iranian Olders

نویسندگان [English]

  • V.O Kashani, 1
  • B Golmohammadi, 2
  • S. Attarzadeh-Fadaki, 3
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Fear of falling can lead to discomfort and decreased quality of life in elderly people. The purpose of this study was to prepare a short version of the International Falls Efficacy Scale for older adults, originally designed to measure fear of falling.
Method: In this regard and to confirm the construct validity of short version of the international fall efficacy scale, 200 (108 male and 92 female) older adults with different levels activity were selected by available sampling and then completed the questionnaire. Methods of the research include: translation-back method and face validity to confirm accuracy of the scale translation. Confirmatory factor analysis and Pierson’s correlation was used for approving the structural and convergent validity of the scale. Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was used for internal consistency, and intra-class correlation coefficient under test-retest method was used to study temporal reliability of items and percentile points were used for normalization.
Results: The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained using Cronbach's Alpha of 0.95 and the coefficient of inter-class correlation of 0.87. In order to investigate structural validity and convergent, confirmatory factor analysis and the main version of the international scale of respectively were used. The results of the study indicated that the indices were optimal (RMSEA=0.02, CFI=1, TLI =1).
Conclusion: The brief Persian version of the scale (FES-I) can be referred as a useful tool to evaluate the fear of falling of Iranian older adults.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Falls efficacy
  • Elderly
  • Construct validity
  • internal consistency
  • temporal reliability

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