اثربخشی حساسیت زدایی منظم بر هراس از عمق و تداوم مشارکت ورزشی زنان نوآموز شنا

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار رفتار حرکتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هراس از عمق یکی از مهم­ترین موانع در یادگیری شنا است. هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثربخشی حساسیت زدایی منظم بر اضطراب حالتی، هراس از عمق و علاقه به تداوم مشارکت ورزشی در زنان نوآموز شنا بود.
روش: با بهره گیری از یک طرح تحقیق نیمه تجربی نمونه ای  شامل 30 زن نوآموز شنا (20-30 سال) با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند انتخاب و بطور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل تقسیم شدند. گروه آزمایش، 8 جلسه 60 دقیقه ای حساسیت زدایی منظم دریافت کردند، درحالیکه گروه کنترل در طول دوره تمرینات به فعالیت­های روزانه خود پرداختند. هر سه ابزار پژوهش: سیاهه اضطراب حالتی مارتنز، پرسش­نامة هراس از عمق، و پرسش­نامة علاقه به تداوم مشارکت ورزشی بود توسط هر دو گروه در پیش آزمون و پس آزمون تکمیل و داده­ها با استفاده از آزمون کواریانس چندمتغیری تحلیل شدند.
یافته‌ها: یافته­ها نشان داد که حساسیت زدایی منظم بطور معنادار با کاهش میانگین نمرات اضطراب حالت و هراس از عمق، و نیز افزایش میانگین علاقه به تداوم مشارکت ورزشی در گروه آزمایش نسبت به گروه کنترل همراه است.
نتیجه‌گیری: حساسیت­ زدایی منظم تاثیر مثبتی بر زنان نو آموز شنا با هراس از عمق دارد و به آنان توصیه می شود که موجب  افزایش علاقه به تداوم مشارکت ورزشی آنان نیز می­شود.








 


 


 

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Systematic Desensitization on State Anxiety, Fear of Depth and Interest to Continue to Sport Participation in Female Swimming Beginners

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Tabatabai Kish, 1
  • R Badami, 2
1 M.A in Sport Psychology, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Isfahan, Iran.
2 Associate Professor in motor behaviour, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan (Khorasgan)Branch, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Fear of depth is one of the most important barriers to swimming learning. The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of a systematic desensitization on state anxiety, fear of depth, and interest in continuing to sport participation in female swimming beginners.
Method: By a semi-experimental research design with pre-test post-test and control group a total sample of 30 female swimming beginners (20-30 year-old) were selected through purposeful sampling method and were randomly divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group received regular desensitization for eight 60-minute sessions, whereas the control group involved in daily activities during the training period. Three instrument of the study: State Anxiety Inventory, Fear-of-depth Questionnaire, and Interest in Continuing Sports Participation Questionnaire completed in the Pre-test and post-test by both groups and data were analyzed using an Analysis of Co-variance test.
Results: The findings showed that regular desensitization significantly reduced means of state anxiety and fear of depth and promoted interest in the continuing sports participation in experimental group than control.
Conclusion: The systematic desensitization have positive impact on female swimming beginners with fear of depth and is recommended to them which increase their interest in continuing sports participation as well.








 


 


 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • systematic desensitization
  • swimming beginners
  • womem sport
  • fear of depth

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