اثربخشی درمان شناختی رفتاری مثبت نگر بر جهت مداری زندگی زنان دارای سندرم خستگی مزمن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اردبیل ایران

2 استاد، گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت ، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانپزشکی ، واحد اردبیل، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اردبیل ،ایران

4 استاد، گروه روان شناسی ، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران

10.22075/jcp.2019.18132.1698

چکیده

مقدمه: عوامل روانی اجتماعی ممکن است در جهت­ مداری زندگی بیماران خستگی مزمن نقش داشته باشند. هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی رفتاردرمانی شناختی مثبت نگر برجهت­ مداری زندگی معلمان زن  دارای خستگی مزمن بود.
روش: طرح پژوهش از نوع نیمه ­آزمایشی، با طرح پیش ­آزمون و پس­ آزمون و گروه کنترل است. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه معلمان زن مبتلا به سندرم خستگی مزمن مشکین شهر در سال 1397 است. نمونه ای متشکل از 40 معلم زن با خستگی مزمن انتخاب شد و به شیوه تصادفی در دو گروه 20 نفره (یک گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل) گمارده شدند. برای جمع ­آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه  های خستگی چالدر و جهت­ مداری زندگی استفاده شد. گروه آزمایشی رفتاردرمانی  شناختی مثبت نگر را در 11 جلسه دریافت کرد ، در حالیکه گروه کنترل مداخله‌ای نگرفت. تحلیل نتایج با استفاده از تحلیل کواریانس صورت گرفت.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشانگر افزایش میانگین دید خوش­بینانه و کاهش میانگین دید بدبینانه در زنان گروه آزمایش(0/01>p)، نسبت به گروه کنترل بود.
نتیجه ­گیری: نتایج پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که رفتاردرمانی شناختی مثبت نگر بر جهت­ مداری زندگی  معلمان زن مبتلا به خستگی مزمن تأثیر دارد و به عنوان مداخله ای مؤثر برای این بیماران پیشنهاد می شود.


 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Positive Cognitive -behavioral Therapy on Orientation of Life in Female Teachers with Chronic Fatigue syndrome

نویسندگان [English]

  • farideh sadeghi 1
  • abbas abolghasemi 2
  • Reza Kazemi 3
  • Mohmmad Narimani 4
1 psychology.Azad ardebil university.ardebil . Iran
2 Professor, Department of Psychology, university, Gilan, Rasht, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Ardebil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardebil, Iran
4 Professor, Department of Psychology, university of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Psychosocial factors may play role inorintation of life of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.The aim of present study was to investigat the effectiveness of a positive cognitive-behavioral therapy on orintation of life in female teachers with chronic fatigue syndrome.
Method: A semi-experimental design with pretest, posttest with control group was applied. The population included all teacher women with chronic fatigue syndrome in Meshkinshahr in 2017. A sample of 40 female teachers selected and randomly assigned into 2 groups (one experimental group and one control group). For data collection, Chalder Chronic Fatigue and Orientation of Life questionnaires were used. Positive cognitive-behavioral therapy was administered to experimental group for 11 sessions, whereas the control group receive no intervention. The extracted data analysed by a analysis of covariance.

Results: Results showed increased optimistic vision, as well as, reduced pessimistic vision of women in experimental group (p<0/01) than control group.

Conclusion: It could be concluded that positive cognitive-behavioral therapy was effective on orientation of life of female teachers with chronic fatigue syndrome and is then recommended as an effective intervention to them.

Keywords: Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, Orintation of Life, Positive Cognitive- behavioral Therapy, teachers, women.
 
 
 
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Orintation of life"
  • "Positive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy"
  • "Chronic Fatigue Syndrome "

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