الگویابی معادلات ساختاری حساسیت اضطرابی، نظم جویی هیجانی و تاب آوری در پدیدآیی اختلالات افسردگی و استرس پس از سانحه آتش نشانان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه روانشناسی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 گروه روان شناسی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان شناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

3 گروه روانشناسی تربیتی دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

10.22075/jcp.2019.17896.1682

چکیده

مقدمه: آتش­نشان‌ها بطور مستمر و مکرر با موقعیت‌های تنش‌زا مواجه می‌شوند.هدف از پژوهش حاضر الگویابی معادلات ساختاری حساسیت اضطرابی، نظم ­جویی هیجانی و تاب­آوری در پدیدآیی اختلالات افسردگی و استرس پس از سانحه آتش‌نشانان بود.
روش:  در پژوهشی از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی الگوی رابطه و تعامل مستقیم و غیرمستقیم بین متغیرهای حساسیت اضطرابی، تاب­ آوری، نظم جویی هیجانی با اختلال افسردگی و استرس پس از سانحه با روش تحلیل مسیر آزمون شد. جامعه مورد مطالعه در این پژوهش شامل تمام آتش نشانان مرد بین سنین 21 تا 59 ساله در سال 1397 شهر مشهد بود که از آن نمونه‌ای شامل 264 آتش­نشان به شیوه تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند و پرسشنامه­ های افسردگی، استرس پس از سانحه، حساسیت اضطرابی، نظم­ جویی هیجانی و تاب­آوری تکمیل کردند.
یافته­ ها: یافته­ های بدست آمده نشان داد که اثر مستقیم و غیرمستقیم حساسیت اضطرابی بر استرس بعد از سانحه در مدل مورد بررسی معنادار است. اثر مستقیم تاب آوری بر استرس بعد از سانحه، اثر مستقیم و غیرمستقیم نظم­ جویی هیجان بر استرس بعد از سانحه ، اثر مستقیم تاب آوری بر افسردگی ، اثر مستقیم و غیرمستقیم نظم­ جویی هیجان بر افسردگی، معنادار بود. حساسیت اضطرابی و نظم­ جویی هیجان به صورت مستقیم و غیرمستقیم روی افسردگی و استرس بعد از سانحه اثرگذار بوده است و تاب­ آوری به صورت مستقیم افسردگی و استرس بعد از سانحه تأثیر داشت.
نتیجه­ گیری: می ­توان نتیجه گرفت متغیرهای تاب­آوری، حساسیت اضطرابی و نظم­جویی هیجانی در پیش بینی افسردگی و استرس پس از سانحه آتش­نشان­ها نقش دارند.  

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Modeling Structural Equations of Anxiety Sensitivity, Emotion Regulation and Resilience in the Formation of Depression and PTSD Disorders in Firefighters

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abbas Kalantar 1
  • Imanollah Bigdeli 2
  • Ali Mashhadi 1
  • hosain kareshki 3
1 Department of psychology,faculty of education and psychology,Ferdowsi university of Mashhad
2 Department of psychology,faculty of education and psychology,Ferdowsi university of Mashhad
3 Department of psychology,faculty of education and psychology,Ferdowsi university of Mashhad
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Firefighters are frequently and constantly facing stressful and traumatic situations. The purpose of the present study was  structural  equation modeling of anxiety sensitivity, emotion regulation and resilience in the formation of depression and PTSD disorders.
Method: In a descriptive-correlational research patterns regarding the direct and indirect relationships and interactions among the variables of anxiety sensitivity, resilience, and emotion regulation with depression and PTSD disorders were tested through path analysis. The population of the study consisted all male firefighters of Mashhad in 2018 aged 28 to 55 years, among whom a sample of 264 firefighters were randomly selected to fill the depression, PTSD, anxiety sensitivity, emotion regulation and resilience questionnaires.
Results: The findings showed significantly direct and indirect effects of anxiety sensitivity on PTSD (P<0/05), direct effect of resilience on PTSD (P<0/05), direct and indirect effects of emotion regulation on PTSD , direct effect of resilience on depression in the model under study(P<0/05). The direct and indirect effects of emotion regulation on depression was significant as well. Also, anxiety sensitivity and emotion regulation influenced depression and PTSD both directly and indirectly and resilience directly influenced depression and PTSD.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that the variables of resilience, anxiety sensitivity, and emotion regulation play important roles in predicting depression and post-traumatic stress among firefighters.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Anxiety Sensitivity
  • emotion regulation
  • Resilience
  • psychological problems firefighters

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