نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 : مربی، عضو علمی گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران،ایران
2 کارشناسی روانشناسی، دانشگاه پیامنور، تهران، ایران
3 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی، دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی، اردبیل، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of spiritual therapy and mindfulness (MBCT) in heroin abusers.
Methods: The method of the present study was quasi-experimental and the study population included all substance abusers who were 300 heroin users in the Saheb-ol-Zaman Corps Sepah in Isfahan in 2020. 90 people were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly divided into three groups. They were divided into pre-test-post-test under spirituality training (30 people), group under mindfulness training (30 people) and control group (30 people). The first group received 8 sessions of spiritual therapy training and the second group received 8 sessions of mindfulness training (MBCT) and the control group did not have any training program. The measurement tools were a personality questionnaire (Gary Wilson, 1989), an algebraic obsessive-compulsive disorder (Ingmar Franken, 2002). According to the entry and exit criteria and homogenization of the subjects based on demographic characteristics, it was found that there was not much difference between the subjects before the study.
Results: The results of analysis of variance showed that spiritual therapy training is effective on brain inhibition system (BIS) (P = 0.001 ) and mindfulness training (MBCT) is effective on behavioral activation system (BAS) (P = 0.001) and in the control group, no changes were observed in the Brain Inhibition System (BIS) and the Brain Behavioral Activation System (BAS) (P> 0.05)
Conclusion: Spirituality therapy training was effective on the brain inhibition system, but mindfulness training was effective on the behavioral activator system.
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