اثربخشی آموزش مبتنی برشفقت به خود مادران بر کیفیت خواب کودکان پیش دبستانی با نشانه‌های ناتوانی یادگیری

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی و آموزش کودکان با نیازهای خاص دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش مبتنی بر شفقت به خود مادران بر کیفیت خواب کودکان پیش دبستانی با نشانه­های ناتوانی یادگیری بود.
روش: بدین منظور یک طرح نیمه آزمایشی از نوع پیش آزمون- پس آزمون و پیگیری با گروه آزمایش و کنترل اجرا گردید. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه مادران کودکان پیش دبستانی با نشانه­ های ناتوانی یادگیری و اختلال خواب شهرستان مبارکه در سال تحصیلی 1396-1395 بود. با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس 30 نفر از مادرانی که دارای کودک با نشانه­های ناتوانی یادگیری و اختلال خواب بودند، انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل (هر گروه 15 نفر) قرار گرفتند. ابزارهای پژوهش شامل فهرست وارسی نشانه‌های ناتوانی‌های یادگیری کودکان پیش از دبستانی استیل و پرسشنامه کیفیت و عادات خواب کودکان اوونز و همکاران بود. گروه آزمایش یک دوره آموزش مبتنی بر شفقت به خود را در هشت جلسه‌ دریافت کردند. آزمودنی‌های هر دو گروه قبل از شروع آموزش‌، در پایان آموزش و یک ماه پس از پایان دوره ، به پرسشنامه‌ها پاسخ دادند.
یافته‌ها: نتایج تحلیل کواریانس چند متغیره نشان داد که آموزش مبتنی بر شفقت به خود مادران بر بهبود کیفیت خواب کودکان با نشانه های ناتوانی یادگیری تأثیر دارد. همچنین این مداخله بر مؤلفه‌های کیفیت خواب(مقاومت در برابر خواب، مدت زمان خواب، اختلالات تنفسی، تأخیر در شروع خواب و اضطراب خواب)، نیز تأثیر داشت.
نتیجه ­گیری: در مجموع مشخص شد که آموزش مبتنی بر شفقت به خود مادران می­تواند به عنوان روشی مؤثر در بهبود کیفیت خواب کودکان پیش دبستانی با نشانه­های ناتوانی یادگیری مورد استفاده قرار گیرد زیرا سلامت روانی والدین و کیفیت رابطه آنها می‌تواند در کیفیت زیستی فرزندانشان تأثیر بگذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effectiveness of Self- Compassion Focused Training (CFT) on mothers on sleep quality of theirs preschool children with symptoms of learning disability

نویسندگان [English]

  • I Rezaei-Oshyani, 1
  • A., Yarmohammadian, 2
  • H. Farhadi, 3
1 department of psychology , Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate of department of psychology and education of children with special needs, University of Isfahan
3 Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Isfahan(Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction:The main objective of this research was to examinethe effectiveness of mothers’ compassion focused training on sleep quality of their pre-school children withsymptoms of learning disability.
Method: We employed a semi-experimental method by a pretest, posttest, and follow-up design with experimental and control groups. The population consisted of all mothers of Pre-school children with symptoms of learning disability and sleep disorders in Mobarakeh Town during academic year of 2016-2017. By using convenience sampling method, 30 mothers of children with symptoms of learning disability and sleep disorders were selected and randomly were divided in to two experimental groups and one control group (n=15). The tools of this study were the contents of symptoms of learning disabilities in Pre-school children (Steele) and children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire. The experimental group received 8 sessions of intervention. The Participants of both group responded to questionnaires, before training, at the end of training, 1 month after the end of training.
Results: The results of Multivariate Analysis of Covariance showed that the CFT is effective on improving sleep quality reduction of in Pre-school children with symptoms of learning disability. In addition, this training had significant effects on the improvement of components of sleep quality (sleep resistance, sleep duration, sleep disordered breathing, sleep onset delay, sleep anxiety) (PConclusion: It was concluded that Mothers’Self- Compassion focused training could be used as a new and effective method for improving sleep quality in pre-school children with symptoms of learning disabilities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mothers’ Self-compassion focused training
  • sleep quality
  • symptoms of learning disability
 
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