پیش‌بینی سازگاری زناشویی زوج‌های جوان بر مبنای ویژگی‌های شخصیتی، تمایزیافتگی خود و سرسختی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی تربیتی دانشگاه سمنان، سمنان، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف این پژوهش پیش‌بینی سازگاری زوج های جوان از طریق ویژگی‌های شخصیتی،  تمایزیافتگی خود و سرسختی روانشناختی در شهر اهواز  بود.
روش: پژوهش‌ حاضر توصیفی – همبستگی بود. جامعۀ پژوهش شامل کلیۀ زوج‌های جوان 20 تا 40 ساله شهر اهواز در سال 1397 بودند که به مراکز بهداشتی و درمانی مراجعه کرده بودند و بر طبق آمار شبکه بهداشت شهر اهواز 9374 نفر بودند. نمونۀ مورد مطالعه 368 نفر (184 زوج) بود که به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای دومرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و  پرسشنامه‌های شخصیتی نئو مک کرا و کاستا، سازگاری زناشویی گراهام بی اسیانیر، تمایزیافتگی خود دریک و سرسختی کوباسا را تکمیل نمودند. داده‌ها با استفاده از  آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و آزمون تحلیل رگرسیون  چندگانه تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: از ویژگی های شخصیتی نئو: برون گرایی 75/0، وظیفه شناسی 49/0، توافق جویی48/0 ، گشودگی33/0 و روان رنجورخویی 54/0- ؛ از ابعاد تمایزیافتگی خود: جایگاه من 056/0،  واکنش پذیری عاطفی 4/0، و گریز عاطفی19/0- ؛ و از ابعاد سرسختی: کنترل41/0، چالش طلبی42/0 و تعهد 41/0 با سازگاری زناشویی ارتباط داشتند. بررسی رگرسیون بطور معنادار برای برون گرایی، روان رنجورخویی و گشودگی ضرایب بتای 63/0، 112/0- و 07/0 ؛ برای جایگاه من، واکنش پذیری عاطفی، هم آمیختگی و گریز عاطفی ضرایب بتای 59/0 ، 27/0 ، 26/0 و 13/0- ؛ و برای کنترل، چالش طلبی و تعهد نیز ضرایب بتای 26/0 ، 22/0 و  18/0 را نشان داد.
نتیجه‌گیری: می­توان گفت زوج­هایی که برون­گرایی، وظیفه­شناسی، توافق­جویی و گشودگی بالاتر و روان رنجورخویی پایین­تری دارند و از تمایزیافتگی خود و سرسختی روان­شناختی بالاتری برخوردارند در زندگی زناشویی خود سازگارتر هستند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting Marital Adjustment among Young Couples based on Personality Traits, Differentiation of Self and Psychological Hardiness

نویسندگان [English]

  • N Roshannejhad, 1
  • *F Bayanfar, 2
  • s talepasand 3
1 Semnan universitypayamnoor
2 faculty member of university ,payam-noor university ,ُُSemnan,]ran
3 Associate Professor of Psychology, Semnan University, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of this study was to predict marital adjustment among young couples in Ahvaz based on personality traits, differentiation of self and psychological hardiness.
Method: Design of this study was descriptive-correlational. Statistical population included all young couples in the age range of 20 to 40 years old in Ahvaz city in 2019. Participants were 368 male and female that were selected by a multistage cluster sampling method among all young couples. Tools were Neo Five Factor Inventory, Differentiation of self-Inventory, Kobasa Hardiness Questionnaire and Graham–Bisspicrrier Marital Adjustment Questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s Correlation and Multiple Regression Analysis.      
Results: From Neo personality traits: E (0/75), C (0/49), A(0/48), O(0/33) and N(-0/54); from differentiation of self dimensions: I position (0/56), emotional reactivity (0/40), emotional fusion (-0/19) and from  hardiness:  commitment (0/41), challenge (0/42) and control (0/42) were related with marital adjustment. Regression analysis showed significantly Beta coefficients  for E(0/63), N(-0/11), O(0/07), for I position (0/59), emotional reactivity0/27, emotional fusion (0/26), emotional cutoff (-0/13), and for control (0/26), challenge(0/22) and commitment (0/18).
Conclusion: It could be concluded that couples who are higher in E, C, A, O and lower in N, and are more differentiated of self and psychological hardiness are more compatible in their marital life.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Maritl Adjastment
  • Personality Trait
  • Differentiation of Self
  • Hardiness

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