اثربخشی رفتار درمانی دیالکتیکی بر حساسیت اضطرابی و تصویر تن دختران مبتلا به پرخوری عصبی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد نیشابور، مشهد ، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد نیشابور، مشهد ، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: پرخوری عصبی به عنوان عمده­ترین اختلال خوردن شناخته شده است. عوامل متعددی در ایجاد این اختلال نقش دارند که از بین این عوامل می­توان به حساسیت اضطرابی و تصویر تن این افراد اشاره کرد. بنابراین پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثربخشی رفتار درمانی دیالکتیکی بر حساسیت اضطرابی و تصویر تن در دانش­آموزان دختر مبتلا به پرخوری عصبی انجام شد.
روش: پژوهش حاضر از نوع پژوهش­های نیمه­آزمایشی (طرح پیش‌آزمون-پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل) بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش را کلیه دختران دبیرستانی مبتلا به پرخوری عصبی در شهر نیشابور تشکیل می­دادند. نمونه آماری شامل 24 نفر از دانش آموزان دختر دبیرستانی مبتلا به پرخوری عصبی بود که به صورت در دسترس انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه تصویر تن مارش و ردماین و مقیاس حساسیت اضطرابی تیلور و کاکس استفاده شد. پس از اجرای پیش‌آزمون برنامه رفتار درمانی دیالکتیکی به مدت 12 جلسه اجرا شد. در پایان دوره درمان، پس‌آزمون انجام شد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس تک متغیره و چند متغیره استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج نشان داد که رفتار درمانی دیالکتیکی بر کاهش حساسیت اضطرابی و هم­چنین بر تغییر تصویر تن در دانش آموزان دختر مبتلا به پرخوری عصبی مؤثر بوده است.
نتیجه‌گیری: رویکرد رفتار درمانی دیالکتیکی مداخله­های مربوط به درمان شناختی- رفتاری را که مبتنی بر اصل تغییر می‌باشند با آموزه‌ها و فنون شرقی که مبتنی بر اصل پذیرش می‌باشند در هم آمیخته، برای بهبود نشانه­های حساسیت اضطرابی و تصویر تن دختران مبتلا به پرخوری عصبی مفید می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy on Anxiety Sensivity and Body Image in Female Bulimia Nervosa Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Masrour, 1
  • H. Toozandehjani, 2
1 Azad University of Neyshabour
2 pychology Departmant ,Azad Universityof Neyshabour, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Bulimia is a well- known and major eating disorder. While different factors can lead to this disorder the anxiety sensitivity and body image are two of them. The present study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a Dialectical Behavioral Therapy on anxiety sensitivity and body image in female participants with bulimia nervosa.
Method: We used a semi-experimental (pre-test, post-test with nonequivalent Control group) research design. The statistical population of the study consisted of 24 high school females with Bulimia nervosa who were chosen through purposive sampling in Neishabor. To collect the information Fisher Body Image Scale (FBIS) and Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI-R) were administered. After pre-test the Dialectical Behavioral Therapy protocol was performed in 12 sessions. For data analysis the Multivariate Analysis of Covariance was applied.
Results: The results revealed that DBT could make a difference in the anxiety sensitivity and body image measures in female students with bulimia nervosa at a post-test stage between two groups.
Conclusion: The dialectical behavioral therapy can be helpful to improve the anxiety sensitivity and body image in females with bulimia nervosa and is recommended for them  to clinicians.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy
  • Anxiety Sensitivity
  • Body Image
  • Bulimia Nervosa
  • Women

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