مقایسه اثربخشی معنادرمانی مبتنی بر اندیشه‌های مولانا و درمان پذیرش و تعهد بر سلامت اجتماعی سالمندان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 عضو هیئت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سوادکوه، مازندران، ایران

2 استاد، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

3 نویسنده، محقق و مولانا پژوه

4 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی بالینی دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

10.22075/jcp.2020.18023.1692

چکیده

مقدمه: پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه اثربخشی معنادرمانی مبتنی بر اندیشه­ های مولانا با درمان اکت بر سلامت اجتماعی سالمندان انجام شد.
روش: در یک طرح کاربندی کنترل شده تصادفی نمونه پژوهش شامل 66 سالمند (46 زن و 20 مرد) از مراکز توانبخشی سالمندان روزانه بهزیستی شهرستان ساری انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی‎ها به روش تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایشی و یک گروه کنترل بدون درمان تقسیم شدند. گروه آزمایشی اول و دوم به ترتیب مداخله معنادرمانی مبتنی بر اندیشه­ های مولانا ، و اکت را دریافت کردند، اما گروه کنترل در لیست انتظار ماند. جمع آوری داده­ ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه سلامت اجتماعی کییز انجام شد و داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل واریانس مختلط تحلیل شدند.
یافته­ ها: میانگین مؤلفه های اجتماعی بطور معناداری در هر دو گروه آزمایشی بالاتر از گروه کنترل بود (0/001>P). دو گروه آزمایشی تفاوت معنی­ داری با یکدیگر  در مؤلفه ها نداشتند (0/05<P)، ولی گروه معنادرمانی نسبت به گروه اکت از سطح کلی سلامت اجتماعی بالاتری برخوردار بوده­است (0/05>P).
نتیجه­ گیری: با توجه به ساختار فرهنگی-اجتماعی جامعه ایرانی، قویاً استفاده از رویکردهای درمانی مبتنی بر فرهنگ را توصیه می­کنیم.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Impacts of Logo Therapy based on Rumi's Thoughts compared to Acceptance and Commitment Therapy in Social Health of Elderly People

نویسندگان [English]

  • Asghar Noruzi 1
  • ALIREZA MORADI 2
  • karim Zamani 3
  • Jafar Hasani 4
1 faculty member of Islamic Azad University of Savadkuh
2 Faculty Member of Kharazmi University
3 faculty member in Islamic Azad University of Savadkuh
4 faculty member of Kharazmi University
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of Logo-therapy based on Rumi's thoughts with ACT on the social health of the elderly people. 
Method: In a randomized controlled trial design a total sample consisting 66 elderly  subjects (46 females and 20 males) were selected from daily Behzisti elderly centers of Sari city. Subjects were randomly divided into two experimental groups, and a control group. Two experimental groups received Logo-therapy based on Rumi's thoughts and ACT respectively, while control group remaind in the waiting list. Data collection was conducted by well-being questionnaire of Keyes and analyzed by mixed-design analysis of variance.
Result: Significantly higher means were observed for aspects of social health in both experimental groups than control (P< 0/001). No significant difference found for social dimensions between two experimental groups (P> 0/05), however the overall level of social health in the Logo-therapy was significantly higher than that of ACT (P< 0/05). 
Conclusion: In regard to socio-cultural construction in Iran, we strongly recommend using the culture-based therapeutic approaches.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Key words: logo therapy based on Rumi's thoughts
  • acceptance and commitment therapy
  • social health
  • Elderly
  • culture
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