مقایسه اثربخشی گروه درمانی شناختی رفتاری و درمان مبتنی بر ذهن اگاهی بر میزان کیفیت خواب بیماران اسکلروزچندگانه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کار شناسی ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، واحد مرودشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مرودشت، ایران‌

2 گروه روانشناسی بالینی، واحد مرودشت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مرودشت، ایران‌

10.22075/jcp.2019.18600.1723

چکیده

اسکلروزچندگانه یکی از بیماری های ناتوان کننده سیستم ایمنی، با ماهیت تحلیل برنده سیستم اعصاب مرکزی می باشد که بخش قابل توجهی از زندگی را تحت تاثیر قرار می دهد. هدف از پژوهش حاضر مقایسه اثربخشی گروه درمانی شناختی رفتاری و درمان مبتنی بر ذهن آگاهی بر کیفیت خواب این بیماران بود.
روش : روش تحقیق نیمه ازمایشی با پیش ازمون و پس ازمون با گروه کنترل بود. جامعه اماری بیماران عضو انجمن ام اس شهرستان جهرم بودند که با نمونه گیری هدفمند پس از در نظر گرفتن ملاکهای ورود، همتاسازی و مشخص شدن تعداد، ۴۵ نفر در سه گروه ۱۵ نفری به صورت کاملا تصادفی قرار گرفتند. برای جمع اوری داده ها از پرسشنامه کیفیت خواب پیتزبورگ استفاده گردید. پایایی با ضریب الفای کرونباخ ۰/۸۰۶ بدست امد. برای تحلیل داده ها از نرم افزار spss22 و کوواریانس استفاده شد.
یافته ها: هر دو روش بر کیفیت خواب تاثیر معناداری داشتند اما گروه درمانی شناختی رفتاری بیشتر بر کیفیت خواب تاثیر داشت.
نتیجه گیری: می توان با روش گروه درمانی شناختی _ رفتاری کیفیت خواب را بهبود بخشید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy and Mindfulness Therapy on Sleep Quality of Multiple Sclerosis Patients

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Mahdavi 1
  • Hosain Bagholi 2
1 Department of Clinical Psychology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran
2 Department of Clinical Psychology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: MS disease is one of the debilitating diseases of the immune system, with nature of the central nervous system, s winning analysis that affects a significant part of life. The present study aimed at the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy and Mindfulness therapy on sleep quality of multiple sclerosis patients.
Method: The method of research was semi-experimental with pre-test and post-test with control group. The statistical population included all MS patients, member of the Jahrom MS association, which was selected through targeted sampling after consideration the criteria for entering (More than one year membership in the MS, Having complete satisfaction, Literacy, Phisical ability to attend meetings), matching and identifying their number were 45 people. This number was randomized to three groups of 15 people. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to collect data. Reliability of the questionnaire was obtained 0.806 by Cronbach's alpha coefficient. For data analysis by Spss22, was used of Covarians.
Results: There was significant difference insleep quality on  Cognitive Behavioral group Therapy with Mindfulness therapy and control group.
Conclusion: The quality of sleep could be improvein MS patients by cognitive-behavioral group therapy.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive behavioral group therapy
  • mindfulness therapy
  • sleep quality
  • multiple sclerosis patients (MS)
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