تبیین علائم وسواسی– جبری بر اساس سبک‌های دلبستگی و بیگانگی با نقش میانجی افسردگی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی عمومی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم، قم، ایران

2 نویسنده مسئول: استادیار، گروه روانشناسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم، قم، ایران

10.22075/jcp.2020.18727.1733

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلال وسواسی – جبری یکی از اختلال‌های شایع روانشناختی است که در نوجوانان و جوانان شیوع نسبتاً بالایی دارد. این اختلال هزینه‌های اجتماعی و اقتصادی بسیاری را برای افراد مبتلا و جامعه ایجاد می­کند و بر کارکردهای اجتماعی، تحصیلی و شغلی این افراد تأثیر می­گذارد. پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین علائم وسواسی – جبری براساس سبک‌های دلبستگی و بیگانگی با نقش میانجی افسردگی انجام گرفته است.
روش: روش تحقیق توصیفی - همبستگی می‌باشد. جامعه‌ی آماری شامل تمامی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قم در سال تحصیلی 98-97 بود. نمونه آماری شامل 344 نفر از اعضای جامعه آماری مذکور است این تعداد به روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای مورد استفاده شامل پرسشنامه وسواس فکری - عملی مادزلی، پرسشنامه سبک‌های دلبستگی کولینز و رید، مقیاس روابط موضوعی بل و پرسشنامه افسردگی بک می‌باشند. داده‌ها با استفاده از روش آزمون تحلیل معادلات ساختاری تحلیل شدند. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل آماری داده‌ها از نرم­افزار SPSS نسخه 20 و نرم­افزار Lisrel نسخه 10.20 استفاده شد.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که اثر مستقیم و غیر مستقیم بیگانگی، سبک ایمن، سبک دوسوگرا و افسردگی بر علائم وسواس تأیید می‌شود. جهت تأثیر بیگانگی مثبت و جهت تأثیر سبک ایمن منفی و جهت اثر سبک دوسوگرا مثبت و جهت رابطه افسردگی مثبت است. همچنین شاخص­های برازش بدست آمده در مجموع نشان از برازش قابل قبول داده‌ها با مدل دارد.
نتیجه­ گیری: از اینیافته‌ها می‌توان نتیجه گرفت تجارب اولیه مناسب در زمینه دلبستگی می‌توانند از اختلال وسواس در بزرگسالی جلوگیری کند. همچنین امکان ابتلای فردی که دچار بیگانگی است به اختلال وسواس زیاد است و افسردگی بخشی از مکانیسم اثرات این عوامل در بروز وسواس را تبیین می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Explanation of Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms based on Attachment Styles and Alienation by Mediating Role of Depression

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Khalifat 1
  • Nader Monirpour 2
1 Islamic Azad University of Qom
2 Qom branch, islamic azad university,qom.iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of the most common psychological disorders that have a relatively high prevalence in adolescents and young adults. OCD affects people’s social, educational and occupational functions in different ways. In this study, we aimed to explain obsessive-compulsive symptoms based on attachment and alienation styles with the mediating role of depression.
Method: The research method is descriptive-correlational. The statistical population include all students of the Islamic Azad University of Qom Branch in the academic year 1397-98. The sample consisted of 344 subjects of the statistical population. The Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Collins and Reed Attachment Styles Questionnaire, Bell's Subject Relationship Scale, and the Beck Depression Inventory were used as measurements of different aspects of our study. The descriptive-correlational is done by structural equation analysis. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 20 and Lisrel version 10.20 software.
Results: The direct and indirect effects of alienation, safe style, ambivalent style and depression on the symptoms of obsession were confirmed. Positive for alienation, negative for safe style, ambivalent for positive, and positive for depression. Also, the obtained fit indices showed an acceptable fit of the data with the model.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that, an appropriate early attachment experiences can prevent obsessive-compulsive disorder in adulthood. Further, the likelihood of obsession disease in persons with alignation  is high and depression is partly explain the mechanism involved in escalation of  obsession.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Obsessive-compulsive symptoms
  • Attachment styles
  • Alienation
  • depression
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