تجربه زیسته نوجوانان از شیوع بیماری کووید-19 و قرنطینه خانگی در پیک اول و دوم بیماری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مطالعات بنیادین پژوهشکده خانواده، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه مطالعات بنیادین پژوهشکده خانواده، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: هدف این مطالعه توصیف و مقایسه تجربه‌زیسته نوجوانان(18-12 سال) از شیوع بیماری کووید-19 و قرنطینه‌خانگی در دو پیک اول و دوم بیماری بود.
روش: این مطالعه به روش کیفی و پدیدارشناسی توصیفی انجام شد. 12 شرکت‌کننده به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در دسترس انتخاب شده و در طی دو پیک اول کرونا مورد مصاحبه عمیق قرار گرفتند. داده ها با مصاحبه 10 نفر به اشباع رسید و برای اطمینان بیشتر مصاحبه تا 12 نفر ادامه یافت. یافته‌ها با روش هفت مرحله‌ای کلایزی تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج در 7 خوشه اصلی و 11 خوشه فرعی که در هر دو پیک مشترک بودند، قرارگرفت. در پیک دوم 2 خوشه اصلی و یک خوشه فرعی به خوشه‌های مشترک اضافه شد. خوشه‌های اصلی عبارتند از: مواجهه با کرونا، نگرانی‌های تجربه شده، باورها در خصوص کرونا، تغییرات در روابط خانوادگی، آثار قرنطینه، راهبردهای مقابله‌ای در برخورد با کرونا، مکانیسم‌های دفاعی و دو خوشه جدید در پیک دوم باورها در خصوص آموزش الکترونیک و تجربه‌ی ابتلای یکی از نزدیکان بود.
نتیجه گیری: یافته‌ها نشان داد نوجوانان در شرایط بروز یک بحران همه‌گیر مصرانه به دنبال سبک زندگی پیشین خود بوده و راهبردهای مقابله‌ای آنان به گونه‌ای است که تلاش اندکی در جهت ایجاد سبک زندگی جدید و منطبق با شرایط بحران می‌کنند. بنابراین لازم است این مسئله در طراحی مداخلات روانشناختی و مشاوره ای برای نوجوانان در ایام پاندمی کرونا مورد توجه قرار گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The lived Experience of Adolescents from Covid-19 and Quarantine during the First and Second Peak of the Pandemic

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nazanin Okati 1
  • Zahra Abdekhodaie 2
1 M.Sc., Department of Basic Studies, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Basic Studies, Family Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of current study was to describe and compare the lived experience of adolescents (12-18 years old) from Covid-19 and quarantine during the first and second peak of the pandemic.
Method: The descriptive phenomenological qualitative approach was used as research method. 12 participants were selected with purposive sampling and they were interviewed in depth at two stages and during two peaks of coronavirus infection in Iran. The information was saturated after 10 interviews, but the interview was continued to 12 to ensure and data were analyzed by using Colaizzi’s method.
Results: The results of the analysis of the interviews were identified to 7 main clusters and 11 sub-clusters which were common in both peaks. Also, two main clusters and one sub-cluster were added to others in second peak. The common main clusters were labeled as: exposure to Corona, experienced concerns, beliefs about the corona, changes in family relationships, quarantine effects, coping strategies in dealing with the corona and defense mechanisms. Two additional categories in the second peak were beliefs about E-learning and experience of one of relatives’ infection.
Conclusion: Results showed that adolescents in the face of epidemic crisis persistently follow their previous lifestyle and their coping strategies cause them to make little effort to create a new lifestyle in accordance with the conditions of the crisis. Therefore it is necessary to consider psychological and counseling interventions for adolescents during the Corona pandemic.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Adolescent
  • COVID-19
  • Lived experience
  • quarantine
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