1. Xiang YT, Yang Y, Li W, Zhang L, Zhang Q, Cheung T, et al. Timely mental health care for the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak is urgently needed. The lancet. Psychiatry. 2020;7(3):228–229.
2. Chen N, Zhou M, Dong X, Qu J, Gong F, Han Y. et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet (London, England). 2020;395(10223):507–513.
3. Wu Z, McGoogan J M. Characteristics of and Important Lessons from the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Outbreak in China: Summary of a Report of 72 314 Cases From the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. JAMA. 2020;323(13):1239–1242.
4. Weiss SR, Leibowitz J L. Coronavirus pathogenesis. Advances in virus research. 2011; (81):85–164.
5. Anderson RM, Heesterbeek H, Klinkenberg D, Hollingsworth TD. How will country-based mitigation measures influence the course of the COVID-19 epidemic?. Lancet (London, England). 2020;395(10228):931–934.
6. Haleem A, Javaid M, Vaishya R. Effects of COVID 19 pandemic in daily life. Current medicine research and practice. 2020;10(2):78–79.
7. Zhang SX, Wang Y, Rauch A,Wei F. Unprecedented disruption of lives and work: Health, distress and life satisfaction of working adults in China one month into the COVID-19 outbreak. Psychiatry research. 2020; (288):112958.
8. Leppin A, Aro AR. Risk perceptions related to SARS and avian influenza: theoretical foundations of current empirical research. International journal of behavioral medicine. 2009;16(1):7–29.
9. Petrie KJ, Weinman J. Illness beliefs about hypertension among non-patients and healthy relatives of patients. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 1997;42(2):113-116.
10. Clark C, Davila A, Regis M, Kraus S.X. Predictors of COVID-19 voluntary compliance behaviors: An international investigation. Global Transitions.2020; (2):76–82.
11. Pérez-Fuentes M, Molero Jurado M, Martos Martínez Á, Gázquez Linares J J. Threat of COVID-19 and emotional state during quarantine: Positive and negative affect as mediators in a cross-sectional study of the Spanish population. PloS one; 2020:15(6):e0235305.
12. Slovic P. Perception of risk. Science. (New York, N.Y.).1987;236(4799):280–285.
13. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet. 2020; 395(10227):912–20.
14. Macatee RJ, Albanese BJ, Schmidt NB, Cougle JR. Attention bias towards negative emotional information and its relationship with daily worry in the context of acute stress: An eye-tracking study. Behaviour research and therapy. 2017; (90):96–110.
15. Watson D, Clark LA, Tellegen A. Development and validation of brief measures of Positive and Negative Affect: The PANAS Scales. Journal of Personalityand Social Psychology. 1988; (54):1063–1070.
16. Watson D, Clark LA. Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states. Psychological Bulletin. (1984); (96):465–490.
17. Strecher VJ, DeVellis BM, Becker MH, Rosenstock IM. The role of self-efficacy in achieving health behavior change. Health education quarterly. 1986;13(1):73–92.
18. Aspinwall LG. Rethinking the role of positive affect in self-regulation. Motiv Emot. 1998;22(1):1–32.
19. Cohen S, Pressman SD. Positive affect and health. Current Directions inPsychological Science. 2006; (15):122–125.
20. Sin NL, Moskowitz JT, Whooley MA. Positive Affect and Health Behaviors Across 5 Years in Patients With Coronary Heart Disease: The Heart and Soul Study. Psychosom Med. 2015;77(9):1058-1066.
21. Steptoe A, Wardle J. Positive affect and biological function in everyday life. Neurobiology of Aging. 2005;26(l1):108–S112.
22. Neff K. Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Self and identity. 2003;2(2):85-101.
23. Foroughi A, Khanjani S, Rafiee S, Taheri A. Self-compassion: conceptualization, research, and interventions (Brief review). Shenakht Journal of Psychology and Psychiatry. 2020;6(6):77-87 (Persian).
24. Coyne LW, Gould ER, Grimaldi M, Wilson KG, Baffuto G, Biglan A. First Things First: Parent Psychological Flexibility and Self-Compassion During COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 May 6]. Behav Anal Pract. 2020;1-7.
25. Sharifi Saki, Sh, Alipor A, Aghayuosefi A, Mohamadi M, Ghobari Bonab B. The Relationship between Self-Compassion with Depression in Women with Breast Cancer with Mediation Death Anxiety. Health Psychology. 2019;8(29):52-67 (Persian).
26. Morgan TL, Semenchuk BN, Ceccarelli L, et al. Self-Compassion, Adaptive Reactions and Health Behaviours Among Adults With Prediabetes and Type 1, Type 2 and Gestational Diabetes: A Scoping Review. Can J Diabetes. 2020;44(6):555-565.
27. Kavakli, M; AK, M; Uguz, F & Tukmen, OO. The mediating role of self-compassion in the relationship between perceived COVID-19 threat and death anxiety. Turkish J Clinical Psychiatry. 2020; (23):15-23.
28. Hatami Varzaneh A, Fathi E, Khanipour H, Habibi N. Predicting Helping Attitude based on Attachment styles, Empathy, and Self-compassion among Volunteer and non-Volunteer Groups in Public Participation during COVID-19 Outbreak. Research in Psychological Health. 2020;14(1):87-101 (Persian).
29. Mohammadpour M, Ghorbani V, Khoramnia S, Ahmadi SM, Ghvami M, Maleki M. Anxiety, Self-Compassion, Gender Differences and COVID-19: Predicting Self-Care Behaviors and Fear of COVID-19 Based on Anxiety and Self-Compassion with an Emphasis on Gender Differences. Iran J Psychiatry. 2020;15(3):213-219.
30. Satici, AS. Psychological vulnerability, resilience, and subjective well-being: The mediating role of hope. Personality and Individual Differences. 2016; (102):68-73.
31. Besharat MA, Masoudi M, Gholmali Lavasani M. Predicting psychological and physical vulnerabilities based on social isolation: The moderating role of gender and marital status. Journal of Psychological Sciences. 2015;13(52):474-489 (Persian).
32. Wong MC, Teoh JY, Huang J, Wong SH. The potential impact of vulnerability and coping capacity on the pandemic control of COVID-19. J Infect. 2020;81(5):816-846.
33. Cohen Sh. Psychosocial Vulnerabilities to Upper Respiratory Infectious Illness: Implications for Susceptibility to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Perspectives on Psychological Science. 2020; 16(1):161–174.
34. Paulsson-Do U, Edlund B, Stenhammar C, Westerling R. Psychosocial vulnerability underlying four common unhealthy behaviours in 15-16-year-old Swedish adolescents: a cross-sectional study. BMC Psychol. 2017;5(1):39.
35. Green SB. How Many Subjects Does It Take To Do A Regression Analysis, Multivariate Behavioral Research. 1991; 26(3): 499-510.
36. Gharadaghi A, Komeylipour F. The Effectiveness of Positive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Positive and Negative Affect of women with spouse with Mental Disorders. Quarterly of Counseling Culture and Psychotherapy. 2019;10(38):177-193 (Persian).
37. Raes F, Pommier E, Neff K, Gucht D. Construction and Factorial Validation of a Short Form of the Self-Compassion Scale. Clinical psychology & psychotherapy. 2011; (18): 250-255.
38. Khanjani S, Foroughi A, Sadghi Kh, Bahrainian, SA. Psychometric properties of Iranian version of self-compassionscale (short form). Pajoohande. 2016;21(5):282-289 (Persian).
39. Dura AE, Anreua Y, Galdona JM, Murguib S, Povedac R, Jimenez Y. Psychological Assessment Of Patients With Temporomandibular Disorders, Confirmatory Analysis Of The Dimensional Structure Of The Brief Symptoms Inventory18B. Journal Of Psychosomatic Research.. 2006; (60):365- 370.
40. Abolghasemi A, Ebrahimi Y, narimani M, Asadi F. The role of defense mechanisms and resiliency in the prediction of psychological vulnerability in asthmatic patients. Health Psychology. 2015;3(4):84-96 (Persian).
41. Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics. 4th Edition. Boston: Allyn and Bacon; 2001.
George D, Mallery P. Using SPSS for Windows Step by Step: A Simple Guide and Reference. 4th Edition. London