عنوان مقاله [English]
Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of corona coping styles and perceived stress in the relationship between social support and aggression in adolescents.
Method: The present study is a correlation of structural equation modeling. The statistical population of the study included all high school students in Tehran who were studying in the first semester of the academic year 1399-1400. The sample size consisted of 352 people by voluntary sampling method and questionnaires of Corona coping style, social support, adolescent aggression scale and perceived stress scale were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and structural equation analysis using AMOS and SPSS software.
Results: The effect of social support on aggression with beta coefficients of -/26 is significant. The effect of perceived stress on aggression is significant with a beta of /30. The effect of coping styles on aggression with a beta coefficient of /22 is significant. The indirect effect of social support on aggression is significant due to coronary coping styles and perceived stress with a beta coefficient of -/17.
Conclusion: Social support, coronation coping styles and perceived stress have a direct and significant effect on aggression. Corona coping styles and perceived stress mediate the relationship between social support and aggression.
1. World Health Organization. Mental health and psychosocial considerations during the COVID-19 outbreak, 18 March 2020 (No. WHO/2019-nCoV/Mental Health/2020.1). World Health Organization.
2. Cucinotta, D., Vanelli, M. WHO declares COVID-19 a pandemic. Acts bio-medical: Aeneid Parmesans, 2020; 91(1), 157-160.
3. Wu, Z., McGoogan, J. M. Characteristics of and important lessons from the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in China: summary of a report of 72 314 cases from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Jama,.2020; 323(13), 1239-1242.
4. Shigemura, J., Ursano, R. J., Morganstein, J. C., Kurosawa, M., & Benedek, D. M. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019‐nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry and clinical neurosciences, 2020; 74(4), 281.
5. Jones, N. M., Thompson, R. R., Schetter, C. D., & Silver, R. CDistress and rumor exposure on social media during a campus lockdown. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017; 114(44), 11663-11668.
6. Kang, L., Li, Y., Hu, S., Chen, M., Yang, C., Yang, B. X., ... & Chen, J. The mental health of medical workers in Wuhan, China dealing with the 2019 novel coronavirus. The Lancet Psychiatry, 2020; 7(3), e14.
7. Dong, X. Y., Wang, L., Tao, Y. X., Suo, X. L., Li, Y. C., Liu, F., ... & Zhang, Q. Psychometric properties of the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory Disease in patients with COPD in China. International journal of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,2017; 12, 49.
8. Li, Q., Guan, X., Wu, P., Wang, X., Zhou, L., Tong, Y., ... & Xing, X. Early transmission dynamics in Wuhan, China, of novel coronavirus–infected pneumonia. New England Journal of Medicine.2020.
9. Srivatsa, S., Stewart, K. A. How should clinicians integrate mental health into epidemic responses? AMA Journal of Ethics,2020; 22(1), 10-15.
10. Lee, A. H., & DiGiuseppe, R. Anger and aggression treatments: a review of meta-analyses. Current Opinion in Psychology, 2018; 19, 65-74.
11. Ollendick, T. H., White, S. W., & White, B. A. (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology. Oxford Library of Psychology. 2018.
12. Beier, A. M., Lauritzen, L., Galfalvy, H. C., Cooper, T. B., Oquendo, M. A., Grunebaum, M. F., ... & Sublette, M. E. Low plasma eicosapentaenoic acid levels are associated with elevated trait aggression and impulsivity in major depressive disorder with a history of comorbid substance use disorder. Journal of psychiatric research, (2014; 57, 133-140.
13. Averill, J. R. Anger and aggression: An essay on emotion. Springer Science & Business Media. (2017.
14. Graham, K., Wells, S., & Jelley, J. The social context of physical aggression among adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2012; 17(1), 64-83.
15. Vaillancourt, T., Brendgen, M., Boivin, M., & Tremblay, R. E. A longitudinal confirmatory factor analysis of indirect and physical aggression: Evidence of two factors over time?. Child development, 2013; 74(6), 1628-1638.
16. Lee, K. H., Baillargeon, R. H., Vermunt, J. K., Wu, H. X., & Tremblay, R. E. Age differences in the prevalence of physical aggression among 5–11‐year‐old Canadian boys and girls. Aggressive Behavior: Official Journal of the International Society for Research on Aggression, 2017; 33(1), 26-37.
17. Schulz, U., & Schwartzberg, R. Long - term effects of spousal support on coping with cancer after surgery. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 2014; 23(5), 716 -732.
19. Bruwer, B., Emsley, R., Kidd, M., Lochner, C., & Seedat, S. Psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support in youth. Comprehensive psychiatry, 2008; 49(2), 195–201.
20. Friedlander Laura J, Reid Graham J, Shupak N, Cribbie R. Social support, self-esteem, and stress as predictors of Adjustment to university among firstyear undergraduates. Journal of College Student Development. 2007; 48(3):259-74
21. Farhadi N. Relationship between relationship patterns and family cohesion with Qualitiy of Life of exceptional students, MA thesis of general psychology, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, 2012. [Persian]
22. Hematirad G, Sepah Mansur M. The relationship between stress and social support among university students in Tehran. Thought Behav Clin Psychol. 2008;2(7):79-86. [Persian]
23. Wilkinson RG, Marmot M. Social determinants of health: the solid facts. 2nd ed. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe; 2003.
24. Feiss, R., Dolinger, S. B., Merritt, M., Reiche, E., Martin, K., Yanes, J. A., ... & Pangelinan, M. A systematic review and meta-analysis of school-based stress, anxiety, and depression prevention programs for adolescents. Journal of youth and adolescence,2019; 48(9), 1668-1685
26. Rizalar S, Ozbas A, Akyolcu N, Gungor B. Effect of perceived social support on psychosocial adjustment of Turkish patients with breast cancer. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15:3429–34.
27. Au A, Lai MK, Lau KM, Pan PC, Lam L, Thompson L, Gallagher-Thompson D. Social support and well-being in dementia family cavegivers: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Aging Ment Health. 2009;13(5):761-8.
28. Hay P, Williams SE. Exploring relationships over time between psychological distress, perceived stress, life events and immature defense style on disordered eating pathology. J BMC Psychology 2013; 1(1): 1-8.
29. - Sharf, R.S., Theories of psychotherapy & counseling: Concepts and cases. Cengage Learning.2015.
30. Miles, S.R., et al., Emotion dysregulation mediates the relationship between traumatic exposure and aggression in healthy young women. Personality and Individual Differences. 2015; 76: 222-27.
32. Noorbakhsh, S. N., Besharat, M. A., Zarei, J. Emotional intelligence and coping styles with stress. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences.2010; 5, 818-22.
33. Steiner H, Erickson JM, Hernandez PL, Pavelski R. Coping styles as correlates of health in high school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2002; 30(5), 326- 335.
34. Halpern LF. The relations of coping and family environment to preschooler's problem behavior. Applied Developmental Psychology, 2004; 25(4), 399- 421.
36. Farzin Rad B, Asgharnejad Farid AA, Yekke yazdandoost R, Habibi Asgarabad M. Comparison of coping strategies and personality styles in depressed and non-depressed students. Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 2010; 4 (1): 17-21. (Persian)
38. Azadi, M M., Akbari Balootbangan, A., Vaezfar, S S., Rahimi, M. The Role of Coping styles and Self-efficacy in Nurses Job Stress in Hospital. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing. 2014; 2 (2):22-32.
39. Lee, J. H., Seo, M., Lee, M., Park, S. Y., Lee, J. H., & Lee, S. M. Profiles of coping strategies in resilient adolescents. Psychological reports,2017; 120(1), 49-69
40. Stinner, M.B. Senior Student Affairs Officer Round Table: Hottest Topics in Student Affairs, Session Held at the Annual Meeting of the National Association of Student, Personnel Administrators, Denver, Colorado. University of Texas at Arlington.2019; 6(1): 121-190.
41. Karekla, M, & Panayiotou, G. Coping and experiential avoidance: Unique or overlapping constructs? Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 2011. 43, 163-170.
42. Johnstone, M. J., Kanitsaki, O., & Currie, T. The nature and implications of support in graduate student transition programs: an Australian study. Journal of Professional Nursing,2018; 24(1), 46-53.
43. Cobb, S. Social support as a moderator of life stress. Psychosomatic medicine.1976.
44. Qi, M., Zhou, S. J., Guo, Z. C., Zhang, L. G., Min, H. J., Li, X. M., & Chen, J. X. The effect of social support on mental health in Chinese adolescents during the outbreak of COVID-19. Journal of Adolescent Health,2020; 67(4), 514-518.
45. McKinley, G. P. We need each other: Social supports during COVID 19. Social Anthropology.2020; 25(4): 126-134
46. Yu, H., Li, M., Li, Z., Xiang, W., Yuan, Y., Liu, Y., ... & Xiong, Z. Coping style, social support and psychological distress in the general Chinese population in the early stages of the COVID-2019 epidemic. Social Support and Psychological Distress in the General Chinese Population in the Early Stages of the COVID-2019 Epidemic. 2020.
47. Agbaria, Q., & Natur, N. The relationship between violence in the family and adolescents aggression: The mediator role of self-control, social support, religiosity, and well-being. Children and Youth Services Review,2018; 91, 447-456.
48. Wright, M. F., & Wachs, S. Does social support moderate the relationship between racial discrimination and aggression among Latinx adolescents? A longitudinal study. Journal of adolescence,2019; 73, 85-94.
49. dortaj, F., danesh payeh, M., hasanvand, F., musavi, S. Construct and validate a questionnaire Coping Styles in the face of the coronavirus epidemic. Educational Psychology, 2020; 16(55): 137-155.
50. Besharat, M. Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support: Questionnaire, Instruction and Scoring. 2019; 15(60): 449-447.
51. Safaee.M,shokrt.O. Assessing Stress in Cancer Patients: Factorial Validity of the Perceived Stress Scale in Iran. IJPN. 2014; 2 (1):13-22
52. Bastani F, Rahmatnejad L, Jesmi F, Haghani H. [Breastfeeding self efficacy and perceived stress]. Iranian journal of nursing 2008; 21: 9-22. (Persian)
53. Buss, A. H., & Perry, M. The aggression questionnaire. Journal of personality and social psychology,1992; 63(3), 452.
54. Samani S. Study of Reliability and Validity of the Buss and Perry's Aggression Questionnaire. IJPCP. 2008; 13 (4):359-365.
55. Coneo, A. M. C., Thompson, A. R., & Lavda, A. The influence of optimism, social support and anxiety on aggression in a sample of dermatology patients: an analysis of cross‐sectional data. British Journal of Dermatology,2017; 176(5), 1187-1194.
56. Heerde, J. A., & Hemphill, S. A. Examination of associations between informal help-seeking behavior, social support, and adolescent psychosocial outcomes: A meta-analysis. Developmental Review, 2018; 47, 44-62.
57. Ell, KO, Mantell, J.E, & Hamovitch, M.B.Social support, sense of control, and coping among patients with breast, lung, or colorectal cancer. Journal of Psychosomatic Oncology,1989; 7, 6389.
58. Basharpoor, S., Narimani, M., Esazadeghan, A. Relation of coping styles and social support with perceived stress. Journal of Psychological Studies, 2013; 9(2): 29-48.
59. Ezzati A, Nouri R, Hasani J. Structural relationship model between social support, coping strategies, stigma and depression in infertile women in Tehran, Iran, 2010. The Iranian Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility. 2013; 16(45): 20-28. (Persian)
60. Brady, Sonya S et al. “Adaptive coping reduces the impact of community violence exposure on violent behavior among African American and Latino male adolescents.” Journal of abnormal child psychology vol. 2008; 36,1.105-15.
62. Rey, L. & Extremera, N. Physical-Verbal Aggression and Depression in Adolescents: The Role of Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies. Universitas Psychologica,2012; 11(4), 1245-1254.
63. So, Suzanna, "Examining the Effects of Coping Strategies Specific to Community Violence Exposure Among African American Adolescents" 2016. Master's Theses. 3152.
64. Kheirabadi GR, Bagherian R, Nemati K, Daghaghzadeh H, Maracy MR, & Gholamrezayee A. The effectiveness of coping strategies on the severity of symptoms, quality of life and psychological symptoms among patients with irritable bowel syndrome. J Med Sci. 2010; 28(110): 473-83. [Persian].
65. Herbert JD, Forman EM. Acceptance and mindfulness in cognitive behavior therapy: Understanding and applying the new therapies: Wiley, 2011.
66. Billings, A., Moos, R. (1984). Coping, Stress, and Social Resources among Adults with Unipolar Depression. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1984;46(4), 877-891.
67. Shalani B, Alimoradi F, Sadeghi S. The relationship between stress coping strategies and social skills with aggression in deaf female students. psj. 2018; 16 (2):11-18
68. Babore, A., Lombardi, L., Viceconti, M. L., Pignataro, S., Marino, V., Crudele, M., ... & Trumello, C. Psychological effects of the COVID-2019 pandemic: Perceived stress and coping strategies among healthcare professionals. Psychiatry research, 2020; 293, 113366
69. Zuhairi, Fatemeh and Koushki, Shirin, The relationship between failure tolerance and perceived stress with aggression in students, Fifth National Conference on School Psychology, Tehran.2018. https://civilica.com/doc/
70. Mansouri A, Shahdadi H, Arefi F, Shahaki Vahed A. Study of the relationship between perceived Stress and aggression in patients with type II diabetes referring to diabetes clinic of zabol. J Diabetes Nurs. 2016; 4 (2):40-47.