پیش بینی نشانه های افسردگی براساس روان رنجورخویی با توجه به نقش میانجی تاب آوری و ذهن آگاهی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی بالینی، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شاهد،تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: امروزه یکی از مشکلات شایع و اساسی جوامع افسردگی است. افسردگی علاوه بر شیوع و نرخ عود بالا، هزینه‌های اقتصادی بسیاری هم به دنبال دارد. حتی وجود چند علامت خفیف از علائم افسردگی نیز می‌تواند منجر به کاهش معناداری در عملکرد افراد و ضعف وضعیت سلامت جسمانی و روانی شود. از این رو پژوهش حاضر با هدف پیش‌بینی نشانه‌های افسردگی بر‌اساس روان‌رنجورخویی با متغیرهای میانجی تاب‌آوری و ذهن‌آگاهی انجام شد.
روش: پژوهش حاضر یک طرح همبستگی مبتنی بر روابط ساختاری، مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری است. جامعه‌ی مورد مطالعه، دانشجویان مشغول به تحصیل در سال تحصیلی 99-1398 در دانشگاه قم بوده که 266 دانشجو به صورت در‌دسترس به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. شرکت‌کنندگان پرسشنامه‌ی افسردگی بک ویرایش دوم(BDI-II)، مقیاس تاب‌آوری کانر_ دیویدسون(CD-RISC)، پرسشنامه پنج‌وجهی ذهن‌آگاهی(FFMQ) و خرده‌‌مقیاس روان‌رنجورخویی مقیاس پنج عاملی شخصیت نئو(NEO) را به صورت اینترنتی تکمیل کردند. در پایان، داده‌ها توسط نرم‌افزارهای SPSSوPLS تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: نتایج ارتباط بین نشانه‌های افسردگی را با متغیرهای روان‌رنجورخویی، تاب‌آوری و ذهن‌آگاهی تایید کردند. همچنین نتایج نشان دادند روا‌ن‌رنجورخویی نیز با تاب‌آوری و ذهن‌آگاهی رابطه معناداری دارد. همچنین مدل پژوهش که عبارت است از پیش‌بینی نشانه‌های افسردگی بر‌اساس روان‌رنجورخویی با متغیرهای میانجی تاب‌آوری و ذهن‌آگاهی با برازش 0.90 تایید شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: بنابر نتایج این پژوهش، ذهن‌آگاهی و تاب‌آوری رابطه‌ی نشانه‌های افسردگی و روان‌رنجورخویی را میانجی‌گری می-کنند. بر این اساس می‌توان از نتایج پژوهش حاضر در پیشگیری از ابتلا به نشانه‌های افسردگی و همچنین درمان آن سود جست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Predicting depressive symptoms based on neuroticism with respect to the mediating role of resilience and mindfulness

نویسندگان [English]

  • atefeh moosavi afzal 1
  • leila heydarinasab 2
1 Master of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Introduction: Depression is one of the most common and fundamental problems in societies today. In addition to high prevalence, high recurrence rates, depression has many economic costs. Even the presence of a few mild symptoms of depression can lead to a significant reduction in performance and poor physical and mental health. Therefore, the present study was conducted to predict the symptoms of depression based on neuroticism with mediating variables of resilience and mindfulness.
Method: The present study is a correlational design based on structural relationships, structural equation modeling. The study population was students studying at Qom University in the academic year of 2020 and 266 students were selected as available as a sample. Participants completed online the Beck Depression Inventory 2 (BDI-II), the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), the Five-Factor Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ), and the Neo-Personality Five-Factor Neuroscience Scale subscale. (NEO). Finally, the data were analyzed by SPSS and PLS software.
Results: The results confirmed the relationship between depressive symptoms and variables of neuroticism, resilience, and mindfulness. The results also showed that neuroticism has a significant relationship with resilience and mindfulness. The research model, which is the prediction of depressive symptoms based on neuroticism with mediating variables of resilience and mindfulness was approved with a fit of 0.90.
Conclusion: According to the results of this study, mindfulness and resilience mediate the relationship between symptoms of depression and neuroticism. Based on this, the results of the present study can be used to prevent the symptoms of depression and also to treat it.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • depression
  • neuroticism
  • resilience
  • mindfulness
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