اعتباریابی و پایایی‌سنجی نسخه فارسی پرسشنامه کنترل اضطراب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روانشناسی مؤسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی (ره)، قم، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روا‌نشناسی مؤسسه آموزشی و پژوهشی امام خمینی (ره)، قم، ایران

3 استاد، مرکز تحقیقات علوم رفتاری دانشگاه علوم پزشکی بقیه الله (عج)، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مقدمه: اختلالات اضطرابی بیشترین فراوانی را در سطح جامعه دارند، ابزارهای مختلفی برای سنجش و اندازه‌گیری اضطراب ساخته شده است که بیشتر بر پایه‌ی علائم آن می‌باشد اما ابزاری برای اندازه‌گیری کنترل اضطراب در ایران وجود ندارد به همین دلیل هدف این تحقیق اعتباریابی و پایایی سنجی پرسشنامه کنترل اضطراب در ایران بود.
روش: بدین منظور طی یک پژوهش تحلیلی – مقطعی 250 نفر از دانشجویان موسسه امام خمینی از طریق نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب و پرسشنامه اضطراب بک، مقیاس افسردگی ، اضطراب و استرس و پرسشنامه کنترل اضطراب را تکمیل کردند. به‌منظور تعیین اعتبار سازه از روش تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی، برای تعیین همسانی درونی از ضرایب آلفای کرونباخ و برای ارزیابی اعتبار همگرا و واگرا، از ضرایب همبستگی پرسشنامه کنترل اضطراب با پرسشنامه‌ی اضطراب بک و مقیاس افسردگی ، اضطراب و استرس استفاده شد.
یافته‌ها: مقدار پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 89/0 بدست آمد. به‌منظور بررسی اعتبار همگرا و واگرای این پرسشنامه از پرسشنامه اضطراب بک و مقیاس اضطراب، افسردگی و استرس استفاده شد که نتایج مطالعه نشان‌دهنده اعتبار مناسب پرسشنامه کنترل اضطراب می‌باشد. در نهایت چهار عامل با استفاده از تحلیل عاملی استخراج شد که 11/46 درصد نمرات پرسشنامه را تبیین می‌کرد.
نتیجه‌گیری: با در نظر گرفتن مقدار پایایی و اعتبار این پرسشنامه به نظر می‌رسد این ابزار جهت سنجش بالینی مناسب ‌باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Validity and Reliability measurement of the Persian version of anxiety Control Questionnaire

نویسندگان [English]

  • S Salari-Moghaddam 1
  • A.R Ranjbar, 2
  • Ali Fathi-Ashtiani 3
1 Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute, Qom
3 Baghiatollah Medical University
چکیده [English]

Introduction:Anxiety disorders are among most prevalent diseases in our society and various tools for measuring anxiety have been largely based on symptoms and no tool yet invented to specifically measure anxiety in Iran.
Method:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of anxiety control questionnaire in Iran.For this purpose, by an analytical - sectional study, 250 students of an educational center were selected by cluster sampling that completed the Beck Anxiety questionnaire, Depression, Anxiety, Stress scale and Anxiety Control Questionnaire. The construct validity was used to determine exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha coefficients was performed to determine the internal consistency and correlation coefficient of Anxiety questionnaire with Beck Anxiety questionnaire and Depression, Anxiety, Stress scale was used to assess convergent and divergent validity.
Results: Data analysis revealed that the reliability using Cronbach's alpha was 0/89. In addition to study the convergent validity and divergent validity of the questionnaire, the Beck Anxiety and Depression, Anxiety, Stress scale (DASS) was applied which resulted in the validity of anxiety control Questionnaire. Finally, four factors were extracted using factor analysis that would explain 46/11 percent of the scores.
Conclusion: With regard to the validity and reliability of the questionnaire, it seems to be an appropriate tool for clinical assessment.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • anxiety control questionnaire
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • factor analysis
  • psychometric properties
1- Heravi M, Milani M, Regea N, Valaei N. The effect of relaxation training on exam driven anxiety level among nursing students. Journal of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences. 2007; 14(43): 86-91.
2- shafiey s, rafiey p, najafi m. The Effect of Metacognitive Therapy on Anxiety and Metacognitive Components in Patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder. jornal of clinical psychology. 2012; 4(4): 19-30.
3- Whiteside SP, Brown AM. Exploring the utility of the Spence Children's Anxiety Scales parent- and child-report forms in a North American sample. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2008; 22(8): 1440-6.
4- Martin A, Volkmar FR. Lewis's Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: A Comprehensive Textbook. 4 ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams &Wilkins. 2007.
5- Smelthzer SC, Bare BG, Bruner S. Textbook Of Medical-Surgical Nursing. Philadelphia: Lippincott. 2004.
6- Zebb BJ, Moore MC. Superstitiousness and perceived anxiety control as predictors of psychological distress. J Anxiety Disord. 2003; 17(1): 115-30.
7- Barlow DH. Anxiety and Its Disorders. New York: Guilford Press. 2002.
8- Forsyth JP, Parker JD, Finlay CG. Anxiety sensitivity, controllability, and experiential avoidance and their relation to drug of choice and addiction severity in a residential sample of substance-abusing veterans. Addictive behaviors. 2003; 28(5): 851-70.
9- Mineka S. Animal models of anxiety-based disorders: Their usefulness and limitations. Erlbaum. 1985; 199-244.
10- Rotter JB. Generalized expectancies for internal versus external control of reinforcement. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 1975; 43: 56-67.
11- Wang J, Spencer K, Xing M. Metacognitive beliefs and strategies in learning Chinese as a foreign language. System. 2009; 37(1): 46-56.
12- FBeck AT, Epstein N, Brown G, Steer RA. An inventory for measuring clinical anxiety: psychometric properties. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1988; 56(6): 893-7.
13- B. Rotter J. General Expectancies for Internal Versus External Control of Reinforcement. Psychological monographs. 1966; 80(1): 1-28.
14- Berrenberg JL. The Belief in Personal Control Scale: a measure of God-Mediated and Exaggerated Control. Journal of personality assessment. 1987; 51(2): 194-206.
15- Reid DW, Ware EE. Multidimensionality of internal versus external control: addition of a third dimension and non-distinction of self versus others. canadian Journal of Behavioral Science. 1974; 6(4): 131-42.
16- Craig AR, Franklin JA, Andrews G. A scale to measure locus of control of behaviour. The British journal of medical psychology. 1984; 57: 80-173.
17- Shapiro DH, Jr., Potkin SG, Jin Y, Brown B, Carreon D, Wu J. Measuring the psychological construct of control. Discriminant, divergent, and incremental validity of the Shapiro Control Inventory and Rotter's and Wallstons' Locus of Control Scales. Int J Psychosom. 1993; 40(1-4): 35-46.
18- Brown TA, White KS, Forsyth JP, Barlow DH. The structure of perceived emotional control: Psychometric properties of a revised anxiety control questionnaire. Behavior Therapy. 2004; 35(1): 75-99.
19- Harper H, Oei TPS, Mendalgio S, Evans L. Dimensionality, validity, and utility of the I-E scale with anxiety disorders. Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 1990; 4(2): 89-98.
20- Rapee RM, Craske MG, Brown TA, Barlow DH. Measurement of perceived control over anxiety-related events. Behavior Therapy. 1996; 27(2): 279-93.
21- Zebb BJ, Moore MC. Another look at the psychometric properties of the Anxiety Control Questionnaire. Behav Res Ther. 1999; 37(11): 1091-103.
22- P.Kline. Principles and practice of structural equation modelling. 64-9, editor: The Guildford Press. 2011.
23- Khaleghi M, Mohammadkhani S, Hasani J. Effectiveness of Emotional Schema Therapy in Reduction of Worry and Anxiety's Signs and Symptoms in Patients with Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Single-Subject Design. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2015; 8(2): 43-54.
24- Kaviani H, Mousavi a. Psychometric properties of the Persian version of Beck Anxiety Inventory. Tehran University Medical Journal. 2008; 66(2): 136-40.
25- Seligman MEP. Authentic happiness. New York: Free Press. 2002.
26- Anthony M, Bieling P, Cox B, Swinson R, Enns M. sychometric properties of the 42 item and 21 item versions of the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales in clinical and a community sample. Psychological Assessment. 1998; 10: 176-81.
27- Ashtiani AF. psychological tests. tehran: besat. 2012.
 
28- Rassa Z, Rezaei Am, Bigdeli I. Effectiveness of Flourish Training on Reducing of Psychological Distress in High School Students. Journal of Clinical Psychology. 2017; 9(1): 39-49.
29- samani s, jokar b. Validity and reliability of the  DASS short version Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities University of Shiraz. 2010; 23(6): 66-77.
30- Sahebi A, Asghari MJ, Salari RS. Validation of  Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21)for an Iranian Population. Journal of Iranian Psychologists. 2015; 4: 25-42.